Reproductive Season of the Scalloped Spiny Lobster Panulirus homarus Along the Coast of Oman: Management Implications

Abdulaziz Al-Marzouqi, Johan C. Groeneveld, Abdullah Al-Nahdi, Ahmed Al-Hosni

Abstract


The spiny lobster Panulirus homarus is widely distributed in the Indo-West Pacific. Along  the coast of Oman it supports an artisanal fishery using traps and tangle nets. The egg-bearing incidence of females  caught between 1989 and 2006 were analysed relative to month, lobster size and location of capture. The smallest female with external eggs had a carapace length (CL) of 54.6 mm, but only 9–18% of females of 60–69 mm CL carried eggs. This percentage increased significantly above 70 mm CL, and on average, 63% of individuals >90 mm carried eggs. Egg-bearing increased seasonally at the onset of the SW monsoon in May and June, when wind-driven upwelling reduces inshore water temperatures and increases primary productivity. The reproductive season extended over a 9-month period up to  January, with a pause in February to April. No geographical gradient in egg-bearing seasonality was  observed. The prolonged breeding season with multiple broods in large females conforms with the  typical pattern of   tropical palinurids. The 2-month open fishing season (15th October to 15th December) falls within the breeding season, and may be more optimally placed in February to April. 

Keywords


Panulirus homarus, reproductive season, Oman

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jams.vol13iss0pp33-42

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Copyright (c) 2017 Abdulaziz Al-Marzouqi, Johan C. Groeneveld, Abdullah Al-Nahdi, Ahmed Al-Hosni

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

JAMS 2017-CC BY-ND

This journal and its content is licensed under a Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International.

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