Effectiveness of a Proposed Training Program for Grade 11 Chemistry Teachers to Acquire Chemistry Conceptual Problem Posing and Solving Skills

Mohammed K. Al- Sinani, Abdullah K. Ambusaidi

Abstract


The aim of the current study was to investigate the effectiveness of a proposed training program for grade 11 chemistry teachers to enhance their chemistry conceptual problem posing and solving skills. The sample was based on one group of sixteen chemistry teachers from various schools in the Dakhelyah Governorate of the Sultanate of Oman. They were ponded training in a three day workshop on how to pose and solve chemistry conceptual problems, by using  the proposed strategies suggested by the researchers. Pre and post chemistry conceptual problem posing and solving tests were applied to the sample of the study designed by the researchers. The results demonstrated statistically significant differences at ( α= 0.05) on chemistry conceptual problem posing and solving skills, among chemistry teachers between pre and post tests in favor to post tests. Recommendations and suggestions were provided based on the findings.


Keywords


Problem posing model, chemistry problem posing skills, chemistry problem solving skills, problem solving strategy

Full Text:

PDF

References


أمبوسعيدي، عبدالله؛ والبلوشي، سليمان (2011). طرائق تدريس العلوم مفاهيم وتطبيقات، ط2، عمّان : دار المسيرة للنشر والتوزيع.

توفيق، عبد الرحمن (2008). كيف تصبح مدربا فعالا ومحترفا. (ط.4). القاهرة: مركز الخبرات المهنية للإدارة "بميك".

جاردش، جيم؛ وبروكسفورت، كريستال (2015). تعلم وتعليم الإستقصاء العلمي: بحوث وتطبيقات، ترجمة: عبدالله أمبوسعيدي؛ وفاطمة الحجرية؛ ومنى العفيفية؛ ووداد السيابية؛ ومحمد السناني، عمّان : دار المسيرة للنشر والتوزيع.

الخطيب، رداح؛ والخطيب، أحمد (2006). التدريب الفعّال. عمّان: جدارا للكتاب العالمي للنشر والتوزيع.

ديليسل، روبرت (2001). كيف تستخدم التعلم المستند إلى مشكلة في غرفة الصف. ترجمة مدارس الظهران الأهلية. الدمام: دار الكتاب التربوي للنشر والتوزيع.

السويدان، طارق (2006). التدريب والتدريس الإبداعي. (ط.2). الكويت: شركة الابداع الفكري

شرف، عبد العليم (2007). فعالية بعض الإستراتيجيات التعليمية في تنمية مهارات حل المشكلة الكيميائية وصياغة معادلتها وخفض قلقها لدى طلاب الصف الأول الثانوي الأزهري، مجلة التربية العلمية، 1(10)، 185-228.

الطعاني، حسن (2002). التدريب مفهومه وفعالياته، بناء البرامج التدريبية وتقويمها، عمّان: دار الشروق للنشر والتوزيع.

العبري، عبدالعزيز (2009). فاعلية برنامج تدريبي مقترح لتنمية الأداء المهني لمعلمي الكيمياء بمرحلة التعليم ما بعد الأساسي بسلطنة عمان في ضوء احتياجاتهم التدريبية، رسالة ماجستير غير منشورة، معهد الدراسات التربوية لمناهج وطرق التدريس، القاهرة.

عبيد، وليم (2004). تعليم الرياضيات لجميع الأطفال في ضوء متطلبات المعايير وثقافة التفكير، عمّان: دار المسيرة للنشر والتوزيع.

وزارة التربية والتعليم (2015). وثيقة تقويم تعلم الطلبة لمواد العلوم للصفين (11-12). مسقط. سلطنة عمان.

عبيد، جمانة (2006). المعلم إعداده- تدريبه-كفاياته. عمّان: دار صفاء للنشر والتوزيع.

Bilgin, I., Senocak,E. & Sozbilir,M. ( 2009). The effect of problem-based learning instruction on university students' performance of conceptual and quantitative problems in gas concepts. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 2(5),153-164.

Brown, S. & Walter, M. ( 2005(. The art of problem posing, (3rd ed.). London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Cai, J., & Hwang, S. (2003). A perspective for examining the link between problems posing and problem solving. Paper presented in the Proceedings of the Joint Annual Meeting of the PME and PME/NA. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii.

Cildir, S., & Sezen,N. (2011).Skill levels of prospective physics teachers on problem posing. Journal of Education, 40,105-116.

Cohen, J.(1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences, (2nd ed.). New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

English, L. (2003). Problem posing in the elementary curriculum. In F. Lester, & R. Charles (Eds.). Teaching mathematics through problem solving. Reston, Virginia: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.

Grundmeier, T. (2003). The effects of providing mathematical problem posing experiences for K-8 preservice teachers: Investigating teachers' beliefs and characteristics of posed problems. Un published Ph.D. Thesis, New Hampshire University. New Hampshire.

Heller, P. , Roland, K. & Anderson, S. (1992). Teaching problem solving through cooperative grouping part1. American Journal of Physics, 60(7), 627-636.

Hopkins, C. (1995). Open teaching. Mathematics Teaching, 150, 41-43.

Huffman, D. (1997). Effect of explicit problem solving instruction on high school students problem- solving performance and conceptual understanding of physics. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 36(6),551-570.

Isik, C., Kar,T.,Yalcin,T. & Zehir,K. (2011). Prospective teachers skills in problem posing with regard to different problem posing models, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15 , 485–489.

Johnstone, A. (1993). Introduction. In Wood, C. and Sleet, R. (eds), Creative problem solving in chemistry. London: The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Mataka, L., Cobern, W., Grunert, M., Mutambuki J., & Akom, G. (2014). The effect of using an explicit general problem solving teaching approach on elementary pre-service teachers’ ability to solve heat transfer problems. International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology, 2(3), 164-174

Patakova, E. (2013). Teachers' problem posing in mathematics. Paper presented at the proceedings of the 3rd world conference on learning, teaching and educational leadership, WCLTA. Charles University, Prague.

Pelczer, I., & Gamboa, F. (2009). Problem posing: Comparison between experts and novices. Paper Presented at the Proceedings of the 33th International Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Polya, G. (1988). How to solve it: A new aspect of mathematical method, (2nd ed.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Sengul, S. & Katranci, Y. (2012). Problem solving and problem posing skills of prospective mathematics teachers about the ‘sets’ subject. Paper Presented at the Proceedings of the International Conference on Education and Educational Psychology (ICEEPSY), Istanbul, Turkey.

Silver, E. (1994). On mathematical problem solving. For the Learning of Mathematics, 1(14), 19-28.

Staebler-Wiseman, H. (2011).Problem posing as a pedagogical strategy: A teacher's perspective. Un published Ph.D. Thesis. State University. Illinois.

Stickles, P. (2006). An analysis of secondary and middle school teachers mathematical problem solving. Un published Ph.D. Thesis, Indiana University. Indiana.

Surif, J., Ibrahim, N. & Dalim, S. (2014). Problem solving: algorithms and conceptual and open-ended problems in chemistry. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 4955 – 4963.

Ticha, M. & Hospesova, A. (2009). Problem posing and development of pedagogical content knowledge in pre-service teacher training. Paper presented at the Proceedings of CERME. France:Lyon.

Yang, M. (2000). Problem solving in chemistry at secondary school. Un published Ph.D. Thesis, Glasgow University. Glasgow.63.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jeps.vol12iss3pp504-523

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Mohammed K. Al- Sinani, Abdullah K. Ambusaidi

JEPS 2017-CC BY-ND

This journal and its content is licensed under a Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International.

Flag Counter