Causal Relationship Modeling of the Big-Five Factors, Self-Efficacy, and Happiness of Jordan University of Science and Technology Students

Khaldoun Al-Dababi, Rabe’a Al- Dababi, Abdulsalam abdelrahman

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to unveil the causal relationship of the big-five factors, self-efficacy and happiness for JUST students. Based on scientific foundations, it constructed a proposed causal relationship model using path analysis for interpreting happiness. To achieve this goal, the Big Five Factors  by John, Donahue & Kentle, (1991), the General Self-Efficacy Scale of Schwarzer & Jerusalem, (1995), and Oxford Happiness Inventory were employed.  The sample consisted of 377 students chosen on availability grounds. The results showed no statistically significant differences between the proposed and the optimal causal relationship models due to high matches on AGFI=0.942; NFI=0.986; RMSEA=0.069; GFI=0.994; IFI=0.991; TLI=0.933; and CFI=0.990. Thus, the model construes the relationships proposed and represents the optimal causal relationship model for the variables of the study.


Keywords


The big-five-factors; self-efficacy; happiness; path analysis.

Full Text:

PDF

References


أبو هاشم، محمد (2010). النموذج البنائي للعلاقات بين السعادة النفسية والعوامل الخمسة الكبرى للشخصية وتقدير الذات والمساندة الاجتماعية لدى طلبة الجامعة، مجلة التربية جامعة بنها، 2(81)، 268-350

أرجايل، مايكل. (1993). سيكولوجية السعادة. (فيصل يونس، مترجم). الكويت: سلسلة عالم المعرفة.

التل، شادية (2004).الشخصية. في محمد الريماوي (محرر). علم النفس العام (ص531- 565). عمان: دار المسيرة.

تيف، أمل (2014). العوامل الخمسة الكبرى للشخصية وعلاقتها بالرضا عن الحياة لدى عينة من طلاب الجامعة الاردنية، رسالة ماجستير غير منشورة، جامعة الاردنية، عمان، الاردن.

القهوجي، أيمن وأبو عواد، فريال (2018). النمذجة بالمعادلات البنائية باستخدام برنامج اموس. عمان: دار وائل.

Altmaier, E. M., Russell, D. W., Kao, C. F., Lehmann, T. R., & Weinstein, J. N. (1993). Role of self-efficacy in rehabilitation outcomes among chronic low back pain patients. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 40, 335–339.

Argyle, M., Martin, M., & Lu, L. (1995) Testing for stress and happiness: The role of social and cognitive factors. In.

Bandura, A. (1995). Exercise of personal and collective efficacy in changing societies. In A. Bandura (Ed.), Self-efficacy in changing societies (pp. 1-45). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 1–26.

Barber, E. (2010). An Examination of Happiness and Its Relationship to Community College Coping Strategies and Academic Performance, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Morgan State University.

Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Hunter, J. (2003). Happiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling. Journal of Happiness Studies,4, 185–199.

Dale, L., & Harrison, D. (2017). How the Big Five personality traits in CPSQ increase its potential to predict academic and work out comes. Cambridge Assessment Admissions Testing.

Deepa L. H., & Suneetha, J. (2014). Self-Efficacy and Happiness in Youth.. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology,40(1), 70-73.

Diener, E., & Suh, E. (2000). Cultue and Subjective Well-Being. Massachusetts: MIT press.

Dogan, T. & Cotok, N. (2011) Adaptation of the Short Form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire into Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal, 4 (36), 165-172.

Ekermans, G., & Steyn, R. (2016). Optimism, Self-Efficacy and Meaningfulness: A Structural Model of SubjectiveWell-Being at Work. Management Dynamics, 24(4), 34-51.

Emine, G., & SATICI, S. (2015).BIG Five And Subjective Happiness. Education Science and Psychology,35(3),10-15.

Erozkan, A., Dogan, A., & Adiguzel, A. (2016).Self-efficacy, Self-esteem, and Subjective Happiness of Teacher Candidates at the Pedagogical Formation Certificate Program. Journal of Education and Training Studies,4(8),72-82.

Eysenck, H. (2013). The Structure of Human Personality. New York: Routledge.

Gosling, S., & Rentfrow, P., & Jr, W. (2003). A very Brief Measure of the Big-Five Personality Domains. Journal of Research in Personality,37, 504–528.

Graziano, W., & Tobin, R. (2009). Agreeableness. In M. R. Leary & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 46-61). New York, NY: Guilford.

John, O., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The big five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research (2nd ed., pp. 102–139). New York: Guilford Press.

John, O., Donahue, E., & Kentle, R. (1991). The Big Five Inventory - Versions 4a and 54. Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley, Institute of Personality and Social Research.

Jones, K. (2011). Teacher Self-Efficacy Beliefs Related to Chronic Disruptive Behavior. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Indiana State University.

Karademas, E., Kafetsios. K., & Sideridis. G. (2007). Optimism, Self – Efficacy and Information Processing of Threat - and Well - Being – Related Stimuli. Stress and Health, 23, 285–294.

Khan, R. (2009). The Perception of Happiness: Role of Age and Culture. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Kean University.

Langevin, E.(2013). Undergraduate Student Happiness and Academic Performance: A Correlation Study. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University Of Phoenix.

Larsen, R., & Buss, D. (2005). Personality Psychology: Domains of Knowledge about Human Nature (2nd Ed.). New York: McGraw Hill.

Li, F., McAuley, E., Harmer, P., Duncan, T., &Chaumeton, N. (2001). Tai Chi enhances self-efficacy and exercise behavior in older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 9, 161–171.

Lu, L .(2001).Understanding Happiness: A look into the Chinese Folk Psychology. Journal of Happiness Studies,2, 407-432.

Luszczynska, A., Scholz, U., &Schwarzer, R. (2005). The General Self-Efficacy Scale: Multicultural Validation Studies. The Journal of Psychology, 139(5), 439–457.

Maddux, J .(1995). Self-Efficacy, Adaptation, and Adjustment: Theories, Research, and Application. New York: Springer.

McCrae, R., & Costa, T. (1997). Personality trait structure as a human universal. American Psychologist, 52(5), 509-516.

McCrae, R., & John, O. (1992). An introduction to the five-factor model and its applications. Journa1 of Personality, 60, 175-2 15.

Mishra, K. (2013). Optimism and Well-Being. Social Science International, 29(87), 75-87.

Nistor, A .(2011). Developments on the Happiness Issues: a Review of the Research on Subjective Well being and Flow. Scientific Journal Studies, 3 (4), 58 -66.

Pacheco. B., &Kamble, S. (2016). Role of Optimism in the Well-Being of Undergraduate in Goa. Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing. 7(4), 419-422.

Padhy, M., Chelli, K., & Padiri, R. (2015). Optimism and Psychological Well-Being of Police Officers With Different Work Experiences. SAGE Open, 1-7.

Phan, H., Ngu, B., &Alrashidi, O. (2016). Role of Student Well-Being: A StudyUsing Structural Equation Modeling. Psychological Reports, 119(1), 77-105.

Richard, L .(2005). Happiness; Lessons from A New Science. NY: Penguin press.

Ryan, R., &Deci, E .(2001). On Happiness and Human Potentials: A review of Research on Hedonic and Eudaemonic Well-Being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 141-166.

Ryckman, R. (2008). Theories of Personality. Belmont: Thompson Wadsworth.

Salama-Younes, M. (2011). Positive mental health, subjective vitality and satisfaction with life for French physical education students. World Journalof Sport Sciences, 4(2), 90-97.

Saurabh, C.,& Badgujar, C .(2016). Big Five Personality Factors and Happiness. European Academic Research,3 (1), 520-530

Scheier, M., Carver, C., & Bridges, M. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A re-evaluation of the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 1063-1078.

Scholz, U., Dona, B., Sud, S., & Schwarzer, R. (2002). Is General Self-Efficacy a Universal Construct. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 18(3), 242–251.

Schultz, D., & Schultz, S. (2009). Theories of Personality . Belmont: Wadsworth.

Schunk, D., & Mullen. C.(2012). Self-Efficacy as An Engaged Learner, In S. L. Christenson, A. Reschly, & C. Wylie (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Student Engagement (Chpt. 2, Pp. 21-44). New York: Springer.

Schwarzer, R. (Ed.) (1992). Self-efficacy: Thought control of action. Washington, DC: Hemisphere.

Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale. In J. Weinman, S. Wright, & M. Johnston, Measures In Health Psychology: A User’s Portfolio. Causal And Control Beliefs (Pp. 35-37). Windsor, UK: NFER-NELSON.

Seifert, K., & Sutton, R .(2009). Educational Psychology. Zurich: The Saylor Foundation.

Seligman, M.(2004). Can Happiness be Taught. Daedalus, 133(2), 80-87.

Sezgin, S. & Erdogan, O. (2015). Academic Optimism, Hope and Zest for Work as Predictors of Teacher Self-efficacy and Perceived Success. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice. 15(1), 7-19.

Siddiqui, S. (2015). Impact of Self-Efficacy on Psychological Well-Being among Undergraduate Students. The International Journal of Indian Psychology,2(3), 5-16.

Strobel, M., Tumasjan. A. & Sporrle. (2011). Personality and Social Psychology Be Yourself, Believe in Yourself, and Be Happy: Self-Efficacy as A Mediator Between Personality Factors and Subjective Well-Being. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 52, 43-48.

Vilhena, E., Ribeiro, J., Silva, I., Pedro, L, Meneses, R, Cardoso, H., Silva, A. &Mendonça, D. (2014). Optimism on Quality of Life in Portuguese Chronic Patients: Moderator/Mediator?. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 60(4),373-380.

World Health Organization (1997). Program on Mental Health. WHOQOL: Measuring Quality of Life. Division of Mental Health and Prevention of Substance Abuse .World Health Organization. Retrieved1.5.2017fromhttp://www.who.int/mental_health/media/68.pdf.

Zhang, R. (2016). Positive Affect and Self-Efficacy as Mediators Between Personality and Life Satisfaction in Chinese College Freshmen. Happiness Stud. 17, 2007-2021.

Zimmerman, B. (2000). Self-Efficacy: An Essential Motive to Learn. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25, 82–91.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jeps.vol13iss1pp46-64

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Khaldoun Al-Dababi, Rabe’a Al- Dababi, Abdulsalam abdelrahman

JEPS 2017-CC BY-ND

This journal and its content is licensed under a Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International.

Flag Counter