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The study, based on the model of Bordin (1983), aims to explore whether the supervisors' and trainees' perceptions of supervisory working alliance (goals, tasks and emotional bond) predict trainees' perceptions of counseling self-efficacy. The study sample consisted of 144 undergraduate and graduate counseling students from four Jordanian state universities, and 14 supervisors of these students. Results of multiple regression analyses showed that from the viewpoint of the trainees, goals in the supervisory working alliance were the predictor of their counseling self-efficacy, and explained 11% of the variation in selfefficacy. In addition, supervisors' perceptions of the trainees' counseling self-efficacy, explained 4% of the variation in their trainees' perceptions of counseling self-efficacy. The study showed that trainees, compared to supervisors, had higher levels of counseling self-efficacy and supervisory working alliance perceptions, with the exception of the emotional bond. Findings highlight the importance of studying the supervisor-supervisee relationship in the context of counseling training programs. The study's results have implications for improving the supervision outcomes and proposals for future studies.



Bordin model of supervisory working alliance counseling self efficacy supervisors and counselor trainees.

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