The Invariance of Factorial Structure of the Academic Delay of Gratification Scale across Two Samples of Omani and British Adolescents: A Cross-Cultural Psychometric Study

Sabri Abdel Fattah, Mark McClelland

Abstract


The present study aimed at investigating the factorial structure of the Academic Delay of Gratification Scale (ADGS) that best fit the data of two Omani and British samples, and whether this factorial structure is invariant across these two samples. The sample of the study included 450 (235 males and 215 females) and 410 (215 males and 195 females) Omani and British adolescents, respectively. The results of the multi-group confirmatory factor analysis showed that the scale had a unidimensional factorial structure in both samples and that this factorial structure was completely invariant when compared between gender across the two samples (Omani males versus British males, and Omani females versus British females) and between males and females in the British sample. However, this factorial structure was partially invariant when compared between males and females in the Omani sample. The results of the latent mean analysis showed that females had significantly higher levels of academic delay of gratification when compared with males in both samples. The results showed that there was a positive correlation between students’ scores on the ADGS and their academic achievement scores in both samples. The results also showed that high achievers had significantly higher levels of academic delay of gratification than low achievers in both samples.


Keywords


Academic delay of gratification, adolescents, confirmatory factor analysis, academic achievement.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jeps.vol11iss1pp71-101

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