Photovoltaic Cells and Systems: Current State and Future Trends

Hadj Bourdoucen, Joseph A. Jervase, Abdullah Al-Badi, Adel Gastli, Arif Malik

Abstract


Photovoltaics is the process of converting solar energy into electrical energy. Any photovoltaic system invariably consists of solar cell arrays and electric power conditioners. Photovoltaic systems are reliable, quiet, safe and both environmentally benign and self-sustaining. In addition, they are cost-effective for applications in remote areas. This paper presents a review of solar system components and integration, manufacturing, applications, and basic research related to photovoltaics. Photovoltaic applications in Oman are also presented. Finally, the existing and the future trends in technologies and materials used for the fabrication of solar cells are summarized.


Keywords


science, applied science, basic science

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/squjs.vol5iss0pp185-207

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