Genotypes and Allele Frequencies of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Insertion/deletion polymorphism among Omanis

Ali T. Al-Hinai, Mohammed O Hassan, Mehmet Simsek, Hameeda Al-Barwani, Riad Bayoumi


Objective: To describe the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) genotype frequencies among Omani Arabs. Method: A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test, based on separation of different size DNA fragments, was developed to test the presence or absence (polymorphism) of a small DNA deletion in the ACE gene. The subjects were 124 Omani Arab students of Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat. Results: The frequency of the I allele was 0.29, while that of the D allele was 0.71. The gene frequency distribution did not deviate from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Conclusions: The frequency of D allele among Omanis is similar to that among other Arabs and Africans, but differs significantly from that among the Japanese and Chinese. 


Allele, genotype, polymorphism, hypertension.

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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