Screening of Patients with Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnoea using Heart Rate Variability Indices

Omar Al Rawas, Bazdawi Al-Riyami, Christopher Goddard, Mohammed O Hassan

Abstract


Objective: Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are common disorders. Snoring associated with excessive daytime sleepiness is the most prevalent symptoms of OSA. Heart rate variability (HRV) is altered in patients with OSA and the degree of alteration may be linked to the severity of OSA. Alterations in HRV in 24 hour tachograms have recently been used in screening OSA patients. Autonomic components causing HRV can be reliably studied using spectral analysis techniques involving fast Fourier transformation (FFT). Methods: Twenty-three subjects, 13 with severe OSA and 10 controls matched for age and body mass index, were selected from patients who had undergone polysomnography (PSG) for snoring at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman. A 24- hour electrocardiogram (ECG) Holter recording was done at home, starting at 10am. Spectral analysis of ECG from sleep Holter and PSG recordings was analysed using fast Fourier transformation (FFT). Results: The ECG RR intervals of snorers with OSA were significantly shorter than in snorers without OSA (p<0.01). The low frequency (LF) spectral densities of HRV from polysomnography and Holter were significantly higher in OSA patients than in snorers, (p< 0.0001). The power spectral density of the high frequency bands was similar in the two groups. The overnight ECG Holter accurately identified all 13 snorers with severe OSA. Conclusion: The spectral power of the LF band obtained using FFT of sleep HRV from Holter tachograms may be a useful and cost effective test in identifying snorers with severe OSA. 

Keywords


Obstructive Sleep Apnea; Heart Rate Variability.

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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