Insulinoma: A Rare Cause of a Common Metabolic Disorder - Hypoglycaemia

Omayma El Shafie, Dilip Sankhla, Nayil Al-Kindy, Aisha Al-Hamadani, Christopher Grant, Nicholas Woodhouse

Abstract


We describe the first patient diagnosed with an insulinoma in Oman and successfully managed with a distal laparoscopic pancreatectomy. The importance of obtaining a good history from the patient and/or his family is stressed. All patients with loss of consciousness must have a Reflow check carried out and, if hypoglycaemic, this should be documented in the laboratory and a simultaneous serum sample stored for measurement of insulin, C-peptide proinsulin and sulphonylurea levels, if subsequently indicated. If magnetic resonance imaging fails to locate the tumour, endoscopic ultrasound of the pancreas, or indium 111 labelled octreotide scanning is indicated if the patient’s hypoglycaemia has previously responded to treatment with octreotide. 

Keywords


Insulinoma; C-peptide; Hypoglycaemia; Laparoscopy; Pancreatectomy.

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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