Vitamin D Status in Pregnant Omanis A disturbingly high proportion of patients with low vitamin D stores

Moza Al Kalbani, Omayma Elshafie, Mohammed Rawahi, Ali Al-Mamari, Abdullah Al-Zakwani, Nicholas Woodhouse

Abstract


Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the vitamin D status of pregnant Omanis by measurement of their circulating 25 hydroxy vitamin D levels. Methods: Blood samples were obtained from a cohort of 103 consecutive healthy pregnant Omanis at the Armed Forces Hospital, Muscat, on their first antenatal visit. The study took place in May, June and July 2010. Results: Vitamin D deficiency was present in 34 (33%) of patients (25OHD3 <25 nmol/L), ‘at risk’ levels were found in 67 (65%) patients (25OHD3 25–50 nmol/L); two patients (1.9%) had values between 50 and 75 nmol/L, and no patients in the optimal range >75 nmol/L. Conclusion: If confirmed, these findings indicate the need for vitamin D replacement during pregnancy and lactation. Although not evidence based we recommend at least 1000 IU of cholecalciferol, (vitamin D3) daily.



Keywords


Pregnancy; Oman; 25 hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OHD3); Vitamin D deficiency

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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