VIPoma Crisis : Immediate and life saving reduction of massive stool volumes on starting treatment with octreotide

Omayma ElShafie, Christopher Grant, Aisha Al-Hamdani, Rajeev Jain, Nicholas Woodhouse

Abstract


We report the case of a 57-year-old male physician who presented with a life threatening secretory and refractory diarrhoea of around 20 L/day. This was complicated by severe hypotension, hypokalaemia, hypercalcaemia, renal failure requiring dialysis, metabolic acidosis, cardiorespiratory arrest and ventilation for 12 days. His diarrhoea responded immediately to the first dose of a therapeutic trial of subcutaneous octreotide 100 mcg 8 hourly which was started on clinical grounds alone before any investigations were carried out. After one day he was extubated and his blood pressure returned to normal. When a functioning neuroendocrine tumour is suspected clinically, the use of octreotide can, as in this case, be life saving.



Keywords


VIPoma; Diarrhoea; Pancreatic tumour; Neuroendocrine tumour; Octreotide; Chromogranin A; Cardiopulmonary arrest; Case report; Oman

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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