Knowledge Regarding Secondary Prevention Lifestyle Practices Among Patients with Ischaemic Heart Disease in Oman : Pilot study

Tamim R. Al-Tamimi, Hafidh A. Ba-Omar, Sunil Nadar

Abstract


Objectives: Secondary prevention of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is very important. This study aimed to assess knowledge of necessary lifestyle changes among Omani patients diagnosed with IHD. Methods: This cross-sectional pilot study took place between October 2015 and February 2016 at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Muscat, Oman. A total of 30 random patients with IHD from the Cardiology Outpatient Clinic of SQUH were included. A 30-item survey was used to determine patients’ knowledge of necessary lifestyle practices following their IHD diagnosis, with scores of <70% indicating poor knowledge. Results: Overall, 21 patients (70.0%) had low knowledge levels. Scores ranged from 38.9−94.4% (mean: 60.7% ± 14.1%). No demographic factors were found to predict low scores, although there were some differences in individual questions. Conclusion: Low knowledge levels regarding lifestyle changes were observed among IHD patients in Oman. More efforts should be made to educate these patients for the secondary prevention of IHD.



Keywords


Secondary Prevention; Ischemic Heart Disease; Myocardial Infarction; Healthy Lifestyle; Oman.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2016.17.01.015

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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