Knowledge Regarding Secondary Prevention Lifestyle Practices Among Patients with Ischaemic Heart Disease in Oman : Pilot study

Tamim R. Al-Tamimi, Hafidh A. Ba-Omar, Sunil Nadar


Objectives: Secondary prevention of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is very important. This study aimed to assess knowledge of necessary lifestyle changes among Omani patients diagnosed with IHD. Methods: This cross-sectional pilot study took place between October 2015 and February 2016 at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Muscat, Oman. A total of 30 random patients with IHD from the Cardiology Outpatient Clinic of SQUH were included. A 30-item survey was used to determine patients’ knowledge of necessary lifestyle practices following their IHD diagnosis, with scores of <70% indicating poor knowledge. Results: Overall, 21 patients (70.0%) had low knowledge levels. Scores ranged from 38.9−94.4% (mean: 60.7% ± 14.1%). No demographic factors were found to predict low scores, although there were some differences in individual questions. Conclusion: Low knowledge levels regarding lifestyle changes were observed among IHD patients in Oman. More efforts should be made to educate these patients for the secondary prevention of IHD.


Secondary Prevention; Ischemic Heart Disease; Myocardial Infarction; Healthy Lifestyle; Oman.

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

Copyright SQUMJ 2019. This journal and its content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives 4.0 International license.

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