Patterns of Psychotropic Medication Prescriptions by Psychiatrists for Private Clinic Outpatients in Kerman Province, Iran

Abdolreza Sabahi, Gholamreza Sepehri, Mottahareh Mohsenbeigi, Ehsan Sepehri

Abstract


Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the pattern and utilisation of psychotropic drug prescriptions by psychiatrists in Kerman Province, Iran. Methods: The prescriptions of 27 psychiatrists were randomly selected from two Iranian public insurance organisations and were analysed for the mean number of drugs/prescriptions, drug category and the most frequently prescribed drug in each category as well as overall. Results: A total of 6,414 prescriptions were analysed. The mean number of drugs per prescription was 2.9. Antidepressants (61.0%) were the most frequently prescribed category of psychotropic medications, followed by antipsychotics (29.5%), sedative/hypnotics or anti-anxiety drugs (27.5%) and mood stabilisers (18.5%). The combination of antidepressants with antipsychotics was the most commonly prescribed combination (18.8%). Fluoxetine (16.5%) and trifluoperazine (13.5%) were among the most frequently prescribed antidepressants and antipsychotics, respectively. Clonazepam (10.5%) was the most commonly prescribed benzodiazepine agent, followed by alprazolam (8.5%). In terms of total drug utilisation, sertraline (12.4%) was the most commonly used psychotropic medication followed by fluoxetine (9.7%), trifluoperazine (6.6%), propranolol (4.5%) and clonazepam (3.7%). Conclusion: A high proportion of psychotropic prescriptions in Kerman Province were for antidepressants, followed by antipsychotics and the benzodiazepines. Further research is needed to determine the underlying correlation between prescription practice and the diagnosis and patient characteristics, as well as to investigate the use of different psychotropic medications.



Keywords


Prescriptions, trends; Prescriptions, utilization; Psychotropic Drugs; Psychiatrists; Iran.

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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