Laparoscopic Splenectomy Alone for Sickle Cell Disease : Account of 50 paediatric cases

Zainab N. Al-Balushi, Khalid M. Bhatti, Muhammad T. Ehsan, Yousuf Al-Shaqsi, Nawal A. R. Al-Sharji, Hatem A. A. Mady, Mahmoud H. Sherif

Abstract


Objectives: In Oman, the most frequent indication for a splenectomy in children is sickle cell disease (SCD), which is one of the most common haematological disorders in the Gulf region. This study aimed to describe paediatric laparoscopic splenectomies alone for SCD at a tertiary hospital in Oman. Methods: This study was conducted between February 2010 and October 2015 at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman. The medical records of all children aged ≤15 years old undergoing splenectomies during the study period were reviewed. Results: A total of 71 children underwent laparoscopic splenectomies during the study period; of these, 50 children (28 male and 22 female) underwent laparoscopic splenectomies alone for SCD. The children’s weight ranged between 11–43 kg. The most common indication for a splenectomy was a recurrent splenic sequestration crisis (92%). Surgically removed spleens weighed between 155–1,200 g and measured between 9–22 cm. Operative times ranged between 66–204 minutes and intraoperative blood loss ranged between 10–800 mL. One patient required conversion to an open splenectomy. Postoperative complications were noted in only four patients. The median hospital stay duration was three days. Conclusion: Among this cohort, the mean operating time was comparable to that reported in the international literature. In addition, rates of conversion and postoperative complications were very low. These findings indicate that a laparoscopic splenectomy alone in paediatric patients with SCD is a feasible option.



Keywords


Laparoscopy; Splenectomy; Pediatrics; Sickle Cell Disease; Oman.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2016.16.04.013

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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