Effectiveness of Prophylactic Cervical Cerclage in Prolonging Higher-Order Multiple Pregnancies

Nail Obeidat, Haifa Alchalabi, Maha Obeidat, Bahauddin Sallout, Shereen Hamadneh, Jehan Hamadneh, Yousef Khader, Zouhair Amarin

Abstract


Objectives: This study aimed to assess the value of prophylactic cervical cerclage in prolonging higher-order multiple pregnancies. Methods:This retrospective study included all women with higher-order multiple pregnancies beyond 24 gestational weeks treated at the King Abdullah University Hospital in Irbid, Jordan, and King Fahad Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between February 2014 and January 2015. Selected maternal characteristics and obstetric outcomes were compared between women who received prophylactic cervical cerclage and those who did not. Results: A total of 146 women with higher-order multiple pregnancies were included in the study; of these, 94 (64.4%) underwent a prophylactic cervical cerclageinsertion procedure and 52 (35.6%) women did not. No significant difference was found between the two groups with regards to maternal age, parity or number of fetuses. However, the mean gestational age at delivery was significantly higher for women without compared to those with prophylactic cervical cerclage (32.9 weeks versus 31.7 weeks) according to both univariate and multivariate analyses (P = 0.013 and 0.046, respectively). Additionally, 40.4% of women without and 14.9% of women with prophylactic cervical cerclage gave birth after 34 gestational weeks (P = 0.003). Conclusion: Overall, prophylactic cervical cerclage was not associated with prolongation of the pregnancy among women with higher-order multiple pregnancies in the current study.


Keywords


Multiple Pregnancies; Preterm Births; Cervical Cerclage; Prophylactic Surgical Procedure; Jordan; Saudi Arabia.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2017.17.03.009

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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