Bacille Calmette-Guérin Vaccine-Induced Tuberculous Hip Osteomyelitis in an Infant : Case report

Mohammed S. Al-Azri, Jazel Manarang, Yaqoub Al-Mufargi

Abstract


To this day, tuberculosis (TB) continues to pose a significant global health burden. The World Health Organization’s Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) recommends the bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine for infants to protect against the haematogenous spread of primary TB and other more severe types of TB infection. We report an eight-month-old boy who presented to the Armed Forces Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015 with a one-month history of intermittent fever associated with a limited range of motion in the right hip area. He was up-to-date with his EPI vaccinations and had no history of exposure to individuals with TB infections. He was initially treated for bacterial septic arthritis; however, a GeneXpert TB assay revealed the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, BCG strain. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first documented case from Oman of a child with TB hip osteomyelitis due to a BCG vaccination.



Keywords


Tuberculosis; BCG Vaccine; Vaccination, adverse effects; Osteomyelitis; Case Report; Oman.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2017.17.03.019

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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