Prevalence and Spectrum of Coronary Anomalies Detected on Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography: A single centre experience in Oman

Rashid S. Al-Umairi, Faiza Al-Kindi, Saqar Al-Tai

Abstract


ABSTRACT: Objectives: Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are uncommon congenital abnormalities with a prevalence ranging from 0.2–2%. CAAs can be asymptomatic or less commonly present with life-threatening symptoms. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and spectrum of CAAs in patients who underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in Oman. Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the National Heart Centre, Muscat, Oman between September 2012 and August 2018. All consecutive patients who had undergone CCTA were included. Results: A total of 4,445 patients were included in this study. Of these, 59 patients (1.3%) were diagnosed with CAAs with a mean age of 52.6 years (range: 12–80 years) and an equal gender distribution. Among the patients with CAAs, the majority (69.5%) had anomalous origins from the opposite or non-coronary sinus. Right coronary artery arising from the left coronary sinus was the most common type (33.9%). Fewer patients (18.6%) had left circumflex arising from the right coronary sinus (RCS). Seven patients (11.9%) had left main arising from the RCS. Other CAAs were in the dual left anterior descending artery (8.5%), high coronary artery take-off (6.8%), single coronary ostia (6.8%) and coronary artery fistula (6.8%). Conclusion: The prevalence of CAAs was 1.3% which is similar to the literature.

Keywords: Coronary Vessel Anomalies; Computed Tomography Angiography; Prevalence; Oman.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2019.19.02.005

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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