Awareness of the Dangers of High Salt Intake among the Urban Omani Population

Hassan Al-Riyami, Qusay Al-Abdulsalam, Ali Al-Khayari, Hilal Al-Mushrafi, Ziyad Al-Alawi, Khamis Al-Hashmi, Sunil K. Nadar

Abstract


Objectives: This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the general public in Oman regarding the dangers of high salt intake. Methods: This cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted among the urban population in Oman. Individuals aged ≥18 were invited to join the study. Results: A total of 1,214 respondents (mean age 34 ± 10 years) answered the questionnaire. The majority were male (65.8%), employed (69.4%) and some were hypertensive (14.3%). Most (90.9%) were aware that excess salt can cause diseases such as hypertension and that it is either somewhat important (51.2%) or very important (42.9%) to reduce salt in the diet. However, only 42.2% said that they actively try to reduce salt in their diet. Conclusion: Although most people in urban areas of Oman appear to be aware of the dangers of high salt intake, only a few are actively trying to reduce it. More educational activities are required to improve awareness.

Keywords: Cross-Sectional Survey; Sodium; Low Salt Diet; Oman.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2020.20.03.016

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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