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Keloids are abnormal fibroproliferative scars with aggressive dermal growth expanding beyond the borders of the original injury. Different therapeutic modalities, such as corticosteroids, surgical excision, topical silicone gel sheeting, laser therapy, cryotherapy, photodynamic therapy and radiotherapy, have been used to treat keloids; however, none of these modalities has proven completely effective. Recently, researchers have devised several promising anti-keloid therapies including anti-hypertensive pharmaceuticals, calcineurin inhibitors, electrical stimulation, mesenchymal stem cell therapy, microneedle physical contact and ribonucleic acid-based therapies. The present review summarises emerging and novel treatments for keloids. PubMed® (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, USA), EMBASE (Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands) and Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA) were searched for relevant literature published between January 1987 to June 2020. A total of 118 articles were included in this review. A deeper understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying keloid scarring pathogenesis would open further avenues for developing innovative treatments.



Keloid; Treatment; Fibroblast; Scar; Dermatology.

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How to Cite
Memariani, H., Memariani, M., Moravvej, H., & Shahidi-Dadras, M. (2021). Emerging and Novel Therapies for Keloids: A compendious review. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal [SQUMJ], 21(1), e22–33.