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Objectives: Assault induced trauma (AIT) is a public health concern that must be addressed and acknowledged. To our knowledge, in Oman, this issue has not been studied before. This study aims to characterize cases of AIT presenting to Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH).
Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive study of patients presenting with AIT to the emergency department of SQUH fromthe 1 January 2007 to the 31 of December 2018. Data obtained included incidence, patients’ demographics, mode of assault, triaging, management and hospital stay. The data were collected using the Hospital Information System “TrakCare” and analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Results: The total cases of AIT identified were 268 cases and 239 fulfilled the study criteria. The highest incidence recorded was in 2018 accounting for 72 cases. The sample was predominantly composed of males at 81%, and 58% of the total cases were Omani citizens. In addition, 66% of the total sample were between the age of 20 and 39. The most common mode of assault implicated was the use ofbodily force (35%).Additionally, 18% were triaged as red cases. In terms of management, 84% of the cohort were treated non-surgically. No incidence of in-patient mortality was recorded. Conclusion: This is the first study that looked into AIT in Oman. Results of this study will aid in providing basis for future research and estimation of the magnitude of this problem in the community.
Keywords: cervical smears, conventional slides, ThinPrep slides, cervical organisms.
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