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Abstract

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), previously known as Churg-Strauss disease, is a rare vasculitis that affects small- to medium-sized vessels and has a propensity to involve the heart. Patients with cardiac involvement have a poor prognosis and usually require immunosuppressive treatment along with corticosteroids. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a noninvasive diagnostic tool that can detect cardiac involvement and guide the management plan. Herein, we present the case of a 39-year-old man with a known history of bronchial asthma who was referred to the chest clinic at the Royal Hospital for further assessment of persistent lung parenchymal changes on chest computed tomography. Given the clinical context of the patient and the radiological findings, EGPA was suspected. Lung biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of EGPA. CMR was performed for further assessment, which confirmed cardiac involvement. The patient was started on prednisolone and azathioprine and showed significant radiological and clinical improvement.


Keywords: Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis, Vasculitis, Eosinophils, Vascular Diseases, ANCA-associated Vasculiti

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How to Cite
Al Umairi, R. S., Al Manei, K., Al Lawati, F., Al Mahrouqi, Y., & Al Balushi, F. (2021). Cardiac Involvement in Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss Disease): The Role of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR). Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal [SQUMJ], 1(1). https://doi.org/10.18295/squmj.4.2021.038