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Objectives: Stroke is a significant public health problem and one of the most important preventable non-communicable diseases. Preventive stroke programmes with a better focus on increasing awareness among those who are currently at risk are yet to be properly established in Oman. This study was conducted to describe the characteristics of stroke patients presenting to a tertiary care hospital in Oman. Methods: This cross-sectional hospital-based study included 193 stroke cases which were prospectively recruited from the Emergency Department of Khoula Hospital, Muscat, Oman. Data were collected from November 2017 to April 2018. Results: The total number of patients was 193 with 82.9% of strokes being ischaemic strokes. Of this, 58% were male. The mean age of stroke patients was 61.05 years. Risk factors included hypertension (72.5%) and diabetes mellitus (54.4%). Dyslipidaemia, atrial fibrillation and ischaemic heart diseases were not particularly prevalent in the studied population and 24.4% of ischaemic strokes had large artery atherosclerosis while 21.9% had small vessel occlusion. Significantly more patients had lower Glasgow Coma Scale scores, required intensive care unit admission and experienced in-hospital deaths due to haemorrhagic stroke compared to ischaemic stroke. Conclusion: This study provides essential data regarding stroke characteristics specific to Oman’s population. Most of the information obtained appears to be in-line with what has been described internationally and, hence, preventive strategies similar to those indicated in extant literature can be implemented. This information can be utilised by health administrators in planning resource allocation. Further research is needed to explore rehabilitation aspects and long-term outcomes.

Keywords: Stroke; Ischemic Stroke; Haemorrhagic Stroke; Risk Factors; Thrombolytic Therapy; Epidemiology; Oman.  

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Al Harthi, H. A., Al Kashmiri, A., Zakaryia, L. M., Al-Lawati, J. A., Najem, O. M., Al-Lawati, I., Memon, G. R., & Elfaham, A. A. (2022). Clinical Profile of Stroke Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department of a Major Stroke Centre in Oman. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, 22(1), 91–97.

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