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Abstract

Rapid evolution of pulmonary complications associated with severe COVID-19 pneumonia often pose a management challenge to clinicians especially in the critical care setting. Serial chest imaging enable clinicians to better monitor disease progression and identify potential complications early which may decrease the mortality and morbidity associated with COVID-19. We report a case of severe COVID-19 pneumonia in a 69-year-old man that presented to University Malaya Medical Centre in March 2020 with multiple pulmonary complications including lung cavitation, bronchopleural fistula, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema and acute pulmonary embolism which we highlight through serial chest radiographs (CXR) and computed tomography (CT). The patient unfortunately succumbed to his disease one month after admission. COVID-19 patients may develop pulmonary complications due to a combination of direct viral lung damage, hypoxemia and high stress ventilation. Awareness of COVID-19 complications can prompt early diagnosis and timely management to reduce morbidity and mortality.


Keywords: COVID-19 case report, lung cavitation, bronchopleural fistula, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum

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How to Cite
Chan, W. Y., Hamid, M. T. R., Lim, Y. T., Ng, C. C., Gowdh, N. F. M., & Rahmat, K. (2021). Pulmonary Complications of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A case report. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal [SQUMJ], 1(1). https://doi.org/10.18295/squmj.4.2021.070