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Objectives: This study aimed to generate baseline evidence regarding the effectiveness of atosiban in delaying delivery by ≥48 hours among pregnant women presenting with threatened preterm labour (TPL). The secondary objective was to assess the relationship between atosiban success and various perinatal factors and neonatal outcomes. Methods: This retrospective study was conducted between June 2008 and May 2018 at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman. The medical records of all pregnant women who received atosiban between 24–34 gestational weeks for TPL during this period were reviewed. Results: A total of 159 women were included in the study. Atosiban was successful in delaying delivery by ≥48 hours in 130 cases (81.8%). Approximately half of the women (50.9%) achieved uterine quiescence in <12 hours. Failure to delay delivery by ≥48 hours was significantly lower among women with normal versus abnormal cervical findings (11.1% versus 25.6%; P = 0.023). Only 9.4% of women experienced minor side-effects. Mean birth weight (2,724.55 versus 1,707.59 g; P <0.001) and Apgar scores at 5 minutes (9.66 versus 8.28; P <0.001) were significantly higher among neonates delivered at ≥48 versus <48 hours post-atosiban, whereas the rate of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome was significantly lower (18.4% versus 81.6%; P <0.001). Conclusion: Atosiban was highly effective in delaying delivery by ≥48 hours and resulted in few adverse maternal side-effects and neonatal outcomes. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study conducted in Oman to evaluate the effectiveness of atosiban in preventing preterm labour.

Keywords: Preterm Labor; Atosiban; Tocolytic Agents; Treatment Outcome; Patient Outcome Assessment; Oman.

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Al-Riyami, N., Al-Badri, H., Jaju, S., & Pillai, S. (2021). Short-Term Outcomes of Atosiban in the Treatment of Preterm Labour at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman: A tertiary care experience. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, 21(2), e260–265.

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