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Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) is a triad of peri-auricular pain, ipsilateral facial nerve palsy and vesicular rash around the ear pinna. It is caused by reactivation of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) that lies dormant in the geniculate ganglia. It can be complicated by VZV encephalitis rarely. We report the case of an 8-year-old previously healthy boy who presented to a tertiary care hospital in Muscat, Oman in 2021 with fever, progressive left ear pain, vesicular rash around his ear pinna and left-sided facial nerve palsy. His course was complicated by VZV encephalitis where he was managed with intravenous (IV) acyclovir and IV corticosteroids. He improved significantly and was asymptomatic with a normal neurology examination at the 6-months follow-up.

Keywords: Varicella-Zoster Virus; Ramsay Hunt Syndrome; Encephalitis; Children; Oman.

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How to Cite
Ahmed, E. Y., Al Rawahi, H., Al Amrani, F., Al Masaoudi, L., & Al Yazidi, L. (2024). Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Associated with Varicella-Zoster Virus Encephalitis in a Child. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, 24(1), 127–130.

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