Main Article Content


 Supported vanadium oxide (5 wt%) on either Kieselguhr or mesoporous MCM-41 was prepared using impregnation method and tested as a catalyst in propane oxidative dehydrogenation (POD). The catalyst samples were characterized using X-ray elemental analysis, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) physisorption, and Z-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). After impregnation, the catalyst surface area decreased compared with that of the support. More drastic decrease was observed in the case of MCM-41 (77%) than the Kieselguhr supported sample (48%). There are also different degrees of vanadium oxide-support interaction as reflected by the XPS result. Si-O binding energy of 531.5 eV was observed on MCM-41-supported sample compared with 529.5 eV for the Kieselguhr-supported sample. The catalyst tests were conducted at atmospheric pressure, with a propane to oxygen ratio of 0.7 - 3.6 and a reaction temperature of 400 - 700 °C. Oxidative dehydrogenation and combustion products were observed. Minor cracking reaction products (methane, ethane, and ethene) were also produced above 550 °C. The highest propene yield of 14% was obtained from the Kieselguhr-supported sample at 700 °C and with a C3 H8 /O2  ratio of 1.5.



Oxidative dehydrogenation Propane Propene Vanadium oxide Kieselguhr MCM-41

Article Details

How to Cite
Jibril, B., Atta, A., Al-Dress, S., Al-Kinany, M., & Al-Megren, H. (2012). Oxydehydrogenation of Propane over Vanadium Oxide Supported on Kieselguhr or MCM-41. The Journal of Engineering Research [TJER], 9(1), 46–54.


  1. Berndt H, Martin A, Bruckere A, Schreier E, Miiller D, Kosslick H, Wolf GU, Liicke B (2000), Structure and catalytic properties of VOx/MCM materials for the partial oxidation of methane to formaldehyde. J. Catal. 191(2):384-400.
  2. Blasco T, Lopez-Nieto JM (1997), Oxidative dehydrogenation of short chain alkanes on supported vanadium oxide catalysts. Appl. Catal. A 157(1- 2):117-142.
  3. Buyevskaya OV, Brückner A, Kondratenko EV, Wolf D, Baerns M (2001), Fundamental and combinatorial approaches in search for and optimisation of catalytic materials for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane to propene. Catal. Today 67(4):369- 378.
  4. Cavani F, Ballarini N, Cericola A (2007), Oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane and propane: How far from commercialization? Catal. Today 127 (1- 4):113-131.
  5. Centi G, Cavani F, Trifirò F (2001), Selective oxidation by heterogeneous catalysis, fundamental and applied catalysis, Kluwer Academic, New York.
  6. Chaar MA, Patel D, Kung MC, Kung HH (1987), Selective oxidative dehydrogenation of butane over VMgO catalysts J. Catal. 105(2):483-498.
  7. Christodoulakis A, Machli M, Lemonidou AA, Boghosian S (2004), Molecular structure and reactivity of vanadium based catalysts for propane oxydehydrogenation studied by in-situ Roman spectroscopy and catalytic activity measurements. J. Catal. 222(2):293-306.
  8. Grabowski R (2004), Kinetic oxidative dehydrogenation of propane on vanadia/titania catalysts, pure and duped rubidium. Appl. Catal. A: General 270(1-2):37-47.
  9. Jibril BY, Ahmed S (2006), Oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over Co, Ni and Mo mixed oxides/MCM-41catalysts: Effects intra and extraframework locations of metals on product distribution. Catal. Comm. 7(12):990-996.
  10. Jibril BY, Al-Kinany MC, Al-Khowaiter SH, Al-Drees SA, Al-Megren HA, Al-Dosari MA, Al-Rasheed RH, Al-Zahrani SM, Abasaeed AE (2006) Performances of new Kieselguhr-supported transition metal oxide in propane oxydehydrogenation. Catal. Comm. 7(2):79-85.
  11. Jung JiC, Lee H, Kim H, Park S, Chung Y-Min, Kim JT, Lee JS, Oh S-H, Kim YS, Song IK (2008) Effect of calcinations temperature on the catalytic performance of CO9Fe3Bi1Mo12O51 in the oxidative dehydrogenation of n-butene to1,3-butadiene. Catal. Comm. 9(10):2059-2062.
  12. Karakoulia SA, Triantafyllidis KS, Lemonidou AA (2008) Preparation nd characterization of vanadia catalysts supported on non-porous, microporous and mesoporous silicates for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane (ODP). Mesopor. Mater 110(1):157-166.
  13. Klisinska A, Loridant S, Grzybowska B, Stoch J, Gressel I (2006), Effect of additives on properties of V2O5/SiO2 and V2O5/MgO catalysts: II. Structure and physiochemical properties of catalysts and their correlation with with oxidative dehydrogenation of propane and ethane. Appl. Catal. A: General 309(1):17-24.
  14. Kondratenko EV, Cherian M, Baerns M (2006), Oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over differently structured vanadia-based catalysts in the presence of O2 and N2O. Catal. Today 112(1- 4):60-63.
  15. Knotek P, Capek L, Bulánek R, Adam J (2007), Vanadium supported on hexagonal mesoporous silica: active and stable catalysts in the oxidative dehydrogenation of alkanes. Top. Catal. 45(1- 4):51-55.
  16. Liu W, Yin LS, Dai H, Wang S, Sun H, Tong AuC (2008), MgO-modified VOx/SBA-15 as catalysts for oxidative dehydrogenation of n-butane. Catal. Today 131(1-4):450-456.
  17. Mamedov EA, Cortes CV (1995), Oxidative dehydrogenation of lower alkanes using vanadium oxidebased catalysts. The present state of art and outlooks. Appl. Catal. A 127(1-2):1-40.
  18. Michaels JN, Stern DL, Grasselli RK (1996a), Oxydehydrogenation of propane over Mg-V-Sb oxide catalysts. I. Reaction network. Catal. Lett. 42(3-4):135-137.
  19. Michaels JN, Stern DL, Grasselli RK (1996b), Oxydehydrogenation of propane over Mg-V-Sb oxide catalysts. II. Reaction kinetics and mechanism. Catal. Lett. 42(3-4):139-148.
  20. NIST X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy database.
  21. Owen OS, Kung HH (1993), Effect of cation reducibility on oxidative dehydrogenation of butane on orthovanadates. J. Mol. Catal. 79(1- 3):265-284.
  22. Pena ML, Dejoz A, Formés V, Rey F, Vásquez MI, López-Nieto JM (2001), V-containg MCM-41 and MCM-48 for selective oxygenation of propane in gas phase. Appl. Catal. A 209 (1-2):155-64.
  23. Ruiz-Guerrero A, Rodriguez RI, Fierro JLG, Sonnen V, Herrmann JM, Volta JC (1992), New Developments in Selective oxidative by Heterogeneous Catalysis. Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 72:203-212.
  24. Routray K, Reddy KRSK, Deo G (2004), Oxydetive dehydrogenation of propane on V2O5/Al2O3 and V2O5/TiO5 catalysts: understanding the effect of support by parameter estimation Appl. Catal. A 265 (1):103-113.
  25. Shanahan KL, Holder JS (1999), Tritium aging effects
  26. of palladium on Kieselguhr. J. Alloys, Compd, 293-295:62-66.
  27. Smits RHH, Seshan K, Leemreize H, Ross JRH (1993), Influence of preparation method on the performance of vanadia-nobia catalysts for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane. Catal. Today 16(3-4):513-523.
  28. Siew HSD, Soenen V, Volta JC (1990), Oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over V-Mg-O catalysts. J. Catal. 123(2):417-435.
  29. Singh RP, Bañares MA, Deo G (2005), Effect of phosphorous modifier on V2O5/TiO2 catalyst: ODH of propane. J. Catal. 233(2):388-398.
  30. Stern DL, Grasselli RK (1997), Reaction network and kinetics of propane oxydehydrogenation over nickel cobalt molybdate. J. Catal. 167(2):560- 569.
  31. Stern DL, Michaels JN, DeCaul L, Grasselli RK (1997), Oxydehydrogenation of n-butane over promoted Mg V-oxide based catalysts. Appl. Catal. A 153(1-2):21-30.
  32. Tsilomelekis G, Christodoulakis A, Boghosian S (2007), Support effects on structure and activity of molybdenum oxide catalysts for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane. Catal. Today 127 (1- 4):139-147.
  33. Wells MG (1991), Handbook of Petrochemicals and Processes, Gower Publishing Co. Ltd.
  34. Xie S, Chen K, Bell AT, Iglesia E (2000), Structural characterization of molybdenum oxide supported on zirconia. J. Phys. Chem. B: 104(43):10059- 10068.