Microwave-Assisted Adsorptive Desulfurization of Model Diesel Fuel Using Synthesized Microporous Rare Earth Metal-Doped Zeolite Y

N. Salahudeen, A.S. Ahmed, A.H. Al-Muhtaseb, B.Y. Jibril, R. Al-Hajri, S. M. Waziri, M. Dauda, J. Al-Sabahi

Abstract


The microwave-assisted adsorptive desulfurization of model fuel (thiophene in n-heptane) was investigated using a synthesized rare earth metal-doped zeolite Y (RE Y). Crystallinity of the synthesized zeolite was 89.5%, the silicon/aluminium (Si/Al) molar ratio was 5.2, the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area was 980.9 m2/g, and the pore volume and diameter was 0.3494 cm3/g and 1.425 nm, respectively. The results showed that the microwave reactor could be used to enhance the adsorptive desulfurization process with best efficiency of 75% at reaction conditions of 100 °C and 15 minutes. The high desulfurization effect was likely due to the higher efficiency impact of microwave energy in the interaction between sulfur in thiophene and HO-La(OSiAl).


Keywords


Desulfurization; Thiophene; Microwave; Diesel; Zeolite RE Y.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad W, Ahmad I, Ishaq M, Ihsan K (2014), Adsorptive desulfurization of kerosene and diesel oil by Zn impregnated montmorollonite clay. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, In Press.

Babich IV, Moulijn JA (2003), Science and technology of novel processes for deep desulfurization of oil refinery streams: A review. Fuel 82:607–631.

Dasgupta S, Gupta, PA, Nanoti A, Goswami AN, Garg MO, Tangstad E, Vistad OB, Karlsson A, Stöcker M (2013), Adsorptive desulfurization of diesel by regenerable nickel based dsorbents. Fuel, 108:184–189.

Dharaskar SA, Wasewar KL, Varma MN, Shende DZ, Tadi KK, Yoo CK (2014), Synthesis, characterization, and application of novel trihexyl tetradecyl phosphonium bis (2,4,4-trimethylpentyl) phosphinate for extractive desulfurization of liquid fuel. Fuel Processing Technolog 123:1–10.

Du X, Zhang , Li X, Tan Z, Liu H, Gao X (2013), Cation location and migration in lanthanum‐exchanged NaY zeolite. Chinese Journal of Catalysis 34:1599–1607.

Duarte FA, Mello PA, Bizzi CA, Nunes MAG, Moreira EM, Alencar MS, Motta HN, Dressler V, Flores EM (2011), Sulfur removal from hydrotreated petroleum fractions using ultrasound-assisted oxidative desulfurization process. Fuel 90,:2158–2164.

Fallah RN, Azizian S, Dwivedi AD, Sillanpää M (2015), Adsorptive desulfurization using different passivated carbon nanoparticles by PEG-200. Fuel Processing Technology 130:214–223.

Gao HS, Guo C, Xing JM, Zhao JM, Liu HZ (2010), Extraction and oxidative desulfurization of diesel fuel catalyzed by a Brønsted acidic ionic liquid at room temperature. Green Chemistry 12:1220–1224.

Gao X, Qin Z, Wang B, Zhao X, Li L, Zhao H, Liu H, Shen B (2012), High silica REHY zeolite with low rare earth loading as high-performance catalyst for oil conversion. Applied Catalysis A: Genetics 413:254–260.

Ginter DM, Bell A, Radke CJ (1992), Synthesis of Microporous Materials, Molecular Sieves, Vol. 1. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold 6.

Gui JZ, Liu D, Sun ZL, Liu DS, Min D, Song B, Peng XL (2010), Deep oxidative desulfurization with task-specific ionic liquids: An experimental and computational study.

Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical 331:64–70.

Hans B, Annemie B, Gerd E, Ruud S, Julian RHR (1989), Lithium-vanadium bronzes as model catalysts for the selective reduction of nitric oxide. Catalysis Today 4:139–154.

Harry R (2001), Verified synthesis of zeolitic materials; Linde Type Y, Synthesis Commission of the International Zeolite Association. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Hussain M, Abbas N, Fino D, Russo N (2012), Novel mesoporous silica supported ZnO adsorbents for the desulfurization of biogas at low temperatures. Chemical Engineering Journal 188:222–232.

Ibe M, Gomez S, Malinger KA, Fanson P, Suib SL (2007), Microwave-assisted desulfurization of NOx storage-reduction catalyst. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 69:235–239.

Lin ZZ, Niu H, He H, Ji Y (2009), Simultaneous desulfurization and denitrification by microwave reactor with ammonium bicarbonate and zeolite. Journal of Hazardous Materials 162:837–841.

Lü H, Deng C, Renb W, Yang X (2014), Oxidative desulfurization of model diesel using [(C4H9)4N]6Mo7O24 as a catalyst in ionic liquids. Fuel Processing Technology 119:87–91.

Marin-Rosas C, Ramirez-Verduzco LF Murrieta-Guevara FR, Hernandez-Tapia G, Rodriguez-Otal LM (2010), Desulfurization of low sulfur diesel by adsorption using activated carbon: Adsorption isotherms. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 49: 4372–4376.

Moaseri E, Shahsavand S, Bazubandi B (2014), Microwave-assisted oxidative desulfurization of sour natural gas condensate via combination of sulfuric and nitric acids. Energy & Fuels 28:825−831.

Pal P, Das JK, Das N, Bandyopadhyay S (2013), Synthesis of NaP zeolite at room temperature and short crystallization time by sonochemical method. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry 20:314–321.

Salem AB, Hamid HS (1997), Removal of sulfur compounds from naphtha solutions using solid adsorbents. Chemical Engineering & Technology 20:342–347.

Seredych M, Bandosz TJ (2010), Adsorption of dibenzothiophenes on nanoporous carbons: Identification of specific adsorption sites governing capacity and selectivity. Energy & Fuels 24:3352–3360.

Shakirullah S, Ahmad I, Ishaq M, Ahmad W (2009), Study on the role of metal oxides in desulfurization of some petroleum fractions. Journal of the Chinese Chemical Society 56:107–114.

Sisani E, Cinti G, Discepoli G, Penchini D, Desideri U, Marmottini F (2014), Adsorptive removal of H2S in biogas conditions for high temperature fuel cell systems. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, In Press.

Song H, Wan X, Dai M, Zhang J, Li F, Song H (2013), Deep desulfurization of model gasoline by selective adsorption over Cu–Ce bimetal ion-exchanged Y zeolite. Fuel Processing Technology 116:52–62.

Subhan F, Liu BS, Zhang Y, Li XG (2012), High desulfurization characteristic of lanthanum loaded mesoporous MCM-41 sorbents for diesel fuel. Fuel Processing Technology 97:71–78.

Treacy MMJ, and Higgins JB (2001), Collection of simulated XRD powders for zeolites, published on behalf of the Synthesis Commission of the International Zeolite Association. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Velu S, Ma X, Song C (2003), Selective adsorption for removing sulfur from jet fuel over eolite-based adsorbents. Industrial and Engineering Chemical Research 42:5293–5304.

Wei Z, Niu H, Ji Y (2009), Simultaneous removal of SO2 and NOx by microwave with potassium permanganate over zeolite. Fuel Processing Technology 90:324–329.

Weitkamp J, Schwark M, Ernst S (1991), Removal of thiophene impurities from benzene by selective adsorption in zeolite ZSM-5. Journal of Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, 1133–1134.

Zannikos F, Lois E, Stournas S (1995), Desulfurization of petroleum fractions by oxidation and solvent extraction. Fuel Processing Technology 42:35–45.

Zhang XL, Hayward DO, Lee CD, Mingos DMP (2001), Microwave-assisted catalytic reduction of sulfur dioxide with methane over MoS2 catalysts. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 33:137–148.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/tjer.vol12iss1pp44-52

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 N. Salahudeen, A.S. Ahmed, A.H. Al-Muhtaseb, B.Y. Jibril, R. Al-Hajri, S. M. Waziri, M. Dauda, J. Al-Sabahi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

TJER 2017-CC BY-ND

This journal and its content is licensed under a Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International.

Flag Counter