Main Article Content


 ogas produced from solid kitchen waste (KW) mixed with chicken manure (M) at different mass ratios was investigated. The effect of the ratio of the amount of water to the mixed solid waste on the amount of biogas produced was studied. The results showed that at a fixed ratio of water-to-solid waste, the amount of biogas increased as the amount of chicken M increased. At a fixed M-to-KW ratio, the amount of biogas produced increased as the solid content increased and then decreased, reaching its maximum value at a solid waste-to-water ratio of 1:1. The pH of the bioreactor containing the KW-M mixture dropped with time, resulting in a decrease in the amount of biogas produced. Controlling the pH value by titrating with NaOH solution improved the production of biogas. Investigating biogas produced from sludge showed that the pH of the reactor slightly decreased and then increased slightly. The results also showed that the amount of biogas produced from sludge containing 3% solid waste was larger than the amount produced from sludge containing 6% solid waste.



Biogas Waste to energy Methane Renewable energy Bioreactor Fermentation Biodegradation.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mousa, H., Obaidat, A., Khaled, H., Alawaneh, A., & Tarawneh, A. (2016). Experimental Investigation of Biogas Production from Kitchen Waste Mixed with Chicken Manure. The Journal of Engineering Research [TJER], 13(2), 115–123.


  1. AbdAlaal R (2012), Potential production of biogas from the sludge of the wastewater treatment plant at Jordan University of Science and Technology, M.Sc. Thesis.
  2. Alvareza R, Villcaa S, Lidénb G (2006), Biogas production from llama and cow manure at high altitude. Biomass and Bioenergy 30: 66–75.
  3. Azadeh B, Jalal S (2011), Effect of organic loading rates (OLR) on production of methane from anaerobic digestion of vegetables waste. World Renewable Energy Congress, Linkoping, Sweden, May 8-13.
  4. Beam R (2011), Enhanced biogas production through the optimization of the anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge, M.Sc. thesis. The University of Alabama.
  5. Bouallagui H, Ben R, Cheikh B, Marouani L, Hamdi M (2003), Mesophilic biogas production from fruit and vegetable waste in a tubular digester. Bioresource Technology 86: 85–89.
  6. Budiyono N, Widiasa N, Seno J, Sunarso L (2014), Increasing biogas production rate from cattle manure using rumen fluid as inoCulums. International Journal of Science and Engineering 6: 31-38.
  7. Castrillón L, Fernández-Nava Y, Ormaechea P, Marañón E (2013), Methane production from cattle manure supplemented with crude glycerin from the biodiesel industry in CSTR and IBR. Bioresource Technology 127: 312–317.
  8. Castrillón L, Fernández-Nava Y, Ormaechea, P, Marañón E (2011), Optimization of biogas production from cattle manure by pretreatment with ultrasound and co-digestion with crude glycerin. Bioresource Technology 102: 7845–7849.
  9. Chua K, Cheah W, Tan C, Leong Y (2013), Harvesting biogas from wastewater sludge and food waste. 4th International Conference on Energy and Environment (ICEE 2013). Earth and Environmental Science 16: 012118.
  10. Dearman P, Marschner R, Bentham H (2006), Methane production and microbial community structure in single-stage batch and sequential batch systems anaerobically codigesting food waste and biosolids. Applied Microbiol Biotechnology 69: 589–596.
  11. Ferrera I, Ponsáb S, Vázquezc F, Xavier F (2008), Increasing biogas production by thermal (70°C) sludge pre-treatment prior to thermophilic anaerobic digestion. BioChemical Engineering Journal 42: 186–192.
  12. Gelegenis J, Georgakakis D, Angelidaki I, Christopoulou N, Goumenaki M (2007a), Optimization of biogas production from oliveoil mill wastewater, by codigesting with diluted poultry-manure. Applied Energy 84: 646–663.
  13. Gelegenisa J, Georgakakisb D, Angelidakic I, Mavrisa V (2007b), Optimization of biogas production by co-digesting whey with diluted poultry manure. Renewable Energy 32: 2147– 2160.
  14. Kalloum S, Bouabdessalem H, Touzi A, Iddou A, Ouali M (2011), Biogas production from the sludge of the municipal wastewater treatment plant of Adrar city (southwest of Algeria). Biomass and Bioenergy 35: 2554-25560.
  15. Kuglarz M, Karakashev D, Angelidaki I (2013), Microwave and thermal pretreatment as methods for increasing the biogas potential of secondary sludge from municipal wastewater treatment plants. Bioresource Technology 134: 290-297.
  16. Lianhua L, Dong L, Yongming S, Longlong M, Zhenhong Y, Xiaoying K (2010), Effect of temperature and solid concentration on anaerobic digestion of rice straw in South China. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 35: 7261-7266.
  17. Lins P, Illmer P (2012). Effects of volatile fatty acids, ammonium and agitation on thermophilic methane production from biogas plant sludge in lab-scale experiments. Folia Microbiologica, 57: 313-316.
  18. Liu C, Yuan X, Zeng G, Li W, Li J (2008) Prediction of methane yield at optimum pH for anaerobic digestion of organic fraction of municipal solid waste. Bioresource Technology 99: 882–888.
  19. Marañón E, Castrillón L, Quiroga G, Fernández- Nava Y, Gómez L, García M (2012), Codigestion of cattle manure with food waste and sludge to increase biogas management. Waste Management 32: 1821–1825.
  20. Noutsopoulos C, Mamais D, Antoniou K, Avramides C (2012), Increase of biogas production through co-digestion of lipids and sewage sludge. Global Nest Journal 14: 133-140.
  21. Raposo F, Banks C, Siegert I, Heaven S, Borja R (2006), Influence of inoculum to substrate ratio on the biochemical methane potential of maize in batch tests. Process Biochemistry 41: 1444–1450.
  22. Ryan G (2011), Enhanced biogas production through the optimization of the anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge. PhD thesis, The University of Alabama, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering.
  23. Sánchez E, Borja R, Weiland P, Travieso L, Martõán A (2000), Effect of temperature and pH on the kinetics of methane production, organic nitrogen and phosphorus removal in the batch anaerobic digestion process of cattle manure. Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering 22: 247-252.
  24. Seppl M, Paavola T, Lehtomki A, Rintala J (2009), Biogas production from boreal herbaceous grasses — Specific methane yield and methane yield per hectare. Bioresource Technology 100(12): 2952-2958.
  25. Xu H, Wang J, Tay J (2002), A hybrid anaerobic solid-liquid bioreactor for food waste digestion. Biotechnology Letters, 24: 757–761.
  26. Yadvika S, Sreekrishnan T Sangeeta KVR (2004), Enhancement of biogas production from solid substrates using different techniques – a review. Bioresource Technology 95: 1–10.