Main Article Content


The paper promotes sustainable community through empowering the production and utilization of biomass renewable energy. The aim of this paper is to urge societies to adopt sustainable energy practices and resources; the objective is to appraise the possibilities of biomass energy produced through a neighborhood in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. The system incorporates an evaluation of the measure of biomass created, then utilizes two ascertaining techniques to gauge whether the measure of energy can be delivered. The computation strategies are hypothetical, with one drawn from past works and the other from a Biomass Calculation Template performed as part of the Evaluation of Biomass Resources for Municipalities study (EBIMUN) by the Waterford County Council. The outcomes demonstrate that the aggregate potential biogas generation of the study area is around 43,200 m3 /year, the methane mass is around 18,000 m3 /year, and the energy production amount is around 250 MWh/year. Contrasting the capability of biogas creation from both techniques, the figure assessed by EBIMUN is around 7,000 m3 /year less than the hypothetically computed amount. The figures suggest that biogas is worthy of consideration as a renewable source of energy.



Biomass Biowaste Renewable energy Sustainable energy.

Article Details

How to Cite
Algarny, A., Al-Naimi, I., & Alhefnawy, M. (2017). A Comparative Study on Energy Derived from Biomass. The Journal of Engineering Research [TJER], 14(1), 85–93.


  1. Alrashed F, and Asif M (2014), Trends in residential energy consumption in Saudi Arabia with particular reference to the Eastern Province. Journal of Sustainable Development Energy, Water and Environmental Systems 2(4): 376–387.
  2. Appels L, Baeyens J, Degrève J and Dewil R (2008), Principles and potential of the anaerobic digestion of waste-activated sludge. Energy and Combustion Science 34:755–781.
  3. Bioenergy1 (2016), Biomass feedstock in the Middle East and North Africa. From /30/biomass-feedstock-in-middle-eastand- north-africa-mena. Accessed Apr 2016.
  4. Bioenergy2 (2016), Municipal wastes in Saudi Arabia. From / municipal-wastes-in-Saudi-Arabia. Accessed April 2016.
  5. Cleantech1 (2016), Introduction to biomass energy. From / an-introduction-to-biomass-energy. Accessed April 2016.
  6. Cleantech2 (2016), A glance at biomass energy. From biomass-energy. Accessed Apr 2016.
  7. Electrigaz (2016), Biogas FAQ. From Accessed Apr 2016.
  8. Esru (2016), Energy from waste. From 97-8/energy_from_waste/ page3.htm. Accessed Jan 2016.
  9. Frost R, Powlesland C, Hall JE, Nixon SC, and Young C.P (1990), Review of sludge treatment and disposal techniques. WRC Report PRD 2306-M/1.
  10. Giz (2013), Small scale electricity generation from biomass: Part 2. From 2010-en-small-scale-electricity-generationfrom- biomass-part-2.pdf. Accessed May 2013.
  11. Google Maps (2016), Petromin area, Dammam City, KSA. From +dammm+ksa/@26.4067682,50.1638835,16z Accessed Jun 2016.
  12. Green Power (GP) (2013), Green power. From Accessed Jul 2013.
  13. Hanjie Z (2010), Sludge treatment to increase biogas production, TRITA-LWR Degree Project 10-20, KTH Land and Water Resource Engineering, Sweden.
  14. Jun H (2013), Saudi Arabia’s domestic energy situation and policy: Focusing on its power sector. Kyoto Bulletin of Islamic Area Studies 107–135.
  15. Myriad Power (2016), An anaerobic digester image. From / anaerobic.html. Accessed Sep 2016.
  16. Rohstoffe FN, (2009), Biogas basisdaten Deutschland – Stand. 7p. Very short but comprehensive overview of the biogas situation in Germany. From www.fnrserver. de/ftp/pdf/literatur / pdf_185- basisdaten _ biogas _ 2009.pdf. Accessed Apr 2016.
  17. Scottish Envirotech (1995), Scottish Envirotec. 3(3): 24–25.
  18. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) (2000), Biofuels for sustainable transportation, The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, A DOE National Laboratory. DOE/GO- 102000-0812. From / c / document_library/get_file?uuid= 41c5f270 - 58d7 - 4930-93d3 -172e1b0d2cd & groupId=38322. Accessed Mar 2016.
  19. Universidad de Leon (2016), Evaluation of biomass resources for municipalities (EBIMUN-BIO-EN-AREA). From / investigadores/ proyectos-internacionales-de-IDi/ebium. Accessed Jun 2016.
  20. Waterford County Council (WCC) (2013), EBIMUN: Evaluation of biomass resources for municipalities. From / index.php?q =node/217. Accessed Mar 2014.
  21. Wilkie AC (2008), Biomethane from biomass, biowaste, and biofuels. Bioenergy, ASM Press, Washington.
  22. Zafer S (2015), Solid waste management in Saudi Arabia. From /solid-waste-manage-ment-in-Saudi- Arabia. Accessed Jun 2016.