Main Article Content


This paper presents the evaluation of methods of determination of peak runoff for an ungauged catchment. The present study made use of Geographical Information System (GIS) for the morphometric analysis of four sub-catchments within Jere sub-basin in Gurara Basin, Nigeria. Various morphometric parameters were computed and analyzed as sub-basin characteristics are important factors in determining the runoff. Three methods of peak runoff estimation were used to determine peak runoff of the study area for four return periods. The results of the peak runoff estimation based on rational method for the four sub-catchments for 25-year, 50-year, 75-year and 100-year return periods varied between 224m3/s and 1036m3/s, while the results for the SCS method varied between 105.3m3/s and 162.05m3/s and the results from the Cypress Creek method varied between 22.8m3/s and 86.55m3/s. The results obtained from the three methods showed that there are significant differences in the peak runoff results and also there are significant differences in the peak runoff results for the different return periods.


Digital elevation model Geographic information system Morphometric parameters Return periods Runoff Sub-basin Sub-catchment.

Article Details

How to Cite
R.B., M., A.W., S., & S.O., B. (2018). Evaluation of Methods of Peak Runoff Determination using Catchment Characteristics for Jere Sub-basin, Gurara River Basin, North Central Nigeria. The Journal of Engineering Research [TJER], 15(1), 26–41.


  1. Carluer N, De M, Ghislain D (2004), Assess-ment and modeling of the influence of man-made networks on the hydrology of a small watershed–Implications for fast flow components, water quality and landscape management. Journal of Hydrology 285(1): 76–95.
  2. Donald C, Richard L (2005), Comparison of peak discharge and runoff characteristic estimates from the rational method to field observations for small basins in central Virginia. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  3. Ibrahim H, Isiguzo E (2009), Flood frequency analysis of Gurara river catchment at Jere, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Science Research Essay 4(6): 636–646.
  4. McCuen R, Bondelid T (1983), Estimating unit hydrograph peak rate factors. Journal Irrigation Drainage Engineering ASCE 110(7): 887-904.
  5. Miller S (1994), Handbook for Agrohydrology, Natural resources Institute, Overseas Development administration.
  6. Mudashiru R (2015), Hydrologic characterization and peak runoff prediction for Jere sub-basin, Gurara River basin, Nigeria. Master of Engineering Thesis submitted to the School of Postgraduate studies, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
  7. Ogunlela A, Kasali M (2002), Evaluation of four methods of storm hydrograph development for an ungauged watershed. Nigerian Journal Technology Development 2: 25-34.
  8. Ramirez J (2002), Prediction and modeling of flood hydrology and hydraulics. Chapter 11 of inland flood hazards: Human, Riparian and Aquatic Communities. Edited by Ellen Wohl. Cambridge University Press, USA.
  9. Schwab G, Frevert R, Edminister T, Barnes K (1981), Soil and water conservation engineering. John Wiley and Sons, New York 525.
  10. SCS. Soil Conservation Service (1972), National Engineering Handbook, section 4, Hydrology. US Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 544.
  11. Viessman W, Knapp J, Lewis G (1989), Introduction to hydrology. Harper and Row Publishers. New York 149-355.