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The performance of the grid-connected solar photovoltaic (PV) system in the present study is improved using cooling technology. This technology reduces the temperature of solar PV modules and thus increases their efficiency and lifespan. The current solar PV system has been installed in northern Baghdad in the city of Taji. This study included improving electrical power, conversion efficiency, and performance ratio. All of these improvements are achieved by cooling using water. The performance ratio (PR) and efficiency maximum values of the reference (unimproved) and improved solar PV modules are at 10:10 am at 88.30% & 96.30% and 13.4% & 14.6%, respectively. Improved and reference PV modules maximum solar radiation values occur at 12:00 pm at 1.91 W and 1.566 W, respectively. The maximum solar radiation values of  the reference and improved PV modules are at 12:00 pm at 922.9 W/m2 and 1012.22 W/m2, respectively. The maximum daily gain of the power and solar irradiance are 22% and 10%, respectively. The significant innovation in the study is the successful performance optimization of the grid-connected solar PV system. Using different equations to study performance by following different behaviors. Along with improving and studying CIGS PV module performance.


Solar Radiation, Cooling, Performance, Efficiency, Thin film.

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How to Cite
N. Abed, A., & K. Kasim, N. . (2024). Improve The Conversion Efficiency and Electrical Output of The Solar PV System by Developing and Implementing a Cooling System . The Journal of Engineering Research [TJER], 20(2), 161–171.