## Main Article Content

## Abstract

The steady state creep in Al- SiCP composite cylinder subjected to internal pressure was investigated. The creep behavior of the material were described by threshold stress based creep law by assuming a stress exponent of 5. The effect of size and content of the reinforcement (SiCP ), and operating temperature on the stresses and strain rates in the composite cylinder were investigated. The stresses in the cylinder did not have significant variation with varying size and content of the reinforcement, and operating temperature. However, the tangential as well as radial strain rates in the cylinder could be reduced to a significant extent by decreasing size of SiCP, increasing the content of SiCP and decreasing operating temperature.

## Keywords

## Article Details

*How to Cite*

*The Journal of Engineering Research [TJER]*,

*6*(2), 20–32. https://doi.org/10.24200/tjer.vol6iss2pp20-32

* * References

- Abrinia, K., Naee, H., Sadeghi, F. and Djavanroodi, F., 2008, "New Analysis for the FGM Thick Cylinders under Combined Pressure and Temperature Loading," American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 5(7), pp. 852-859.
- Arya, V.K., Bhatnagar, N.S., 1976 "Creep of Thick Walled Orthotropic Cylinders Subjected to Combined Internal and External Pressures," J Mech Engng Sci, Vol. 18(1), pp. 1-5.
- Becht IV, C. and Chen, Y., 2000, "Span Limits for Elevated Temperature Piping," ASME J Pressure Vessel Technol, Vol. 122(2), pp. 121-124.
- Bhatnagar, N.S. and Arya, V.K., 1974, "Large Strain Creep Analysis of Thick Walled Cylinder," Int J Non Linear Mechanics, Vol. 9(2), pp. 127-140.
- Bhatnagar, N.S. and Gupta, S.K., 1969, " Analysis of Thick-Walled Orthotropic Cylinder in the Theory of Creep," J Physical Soc Japan Vol. 27(6), pp. 1655- 1662.
- Bhatnagar, N.S., Arya, V.K. and Debnath, K.K., 1980 "Creep Analysis of Orthotropic Rotating Cylinder," ASME J Pressure Vessel Technol, Vol. 102, pp. 371- 377.
- Buttlar, W.G, Wagoner, M, You Z. and Brovold, S.T., 2004, "Simplifying the Hollow Cylinders Tensile Test Procedure through Volume-based Strain," J. of Association of Asphalt Paving Technologies (AAPT), Vol. 73, pp 367-400.
- Cadek, J., Oikawa, H. and Sustek, V., 1995, "Threshold Creep Behavior of Discontinuous Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Matrix Composites: An Overview," Mater Sci Engng, Vol. A190(1), pp. 9-23.
- Cadek, J., Pahutova, M. and Sustek, V., 1998, "Creep Behavior of a 2124 Al Alloy Reinforced by 20 vol% Silicon Carbide Particulate," Mater Sci Engng, Vol. A246(1), pp. 252-264.
- Chen, J.J., Tu., S.T., Xuan, F.Z. and Wang, Z.D., 2007, "Creep Analysis for a Functionally Graded Cylinder Subjected to Internal and External Pressure," The journal of strain analysis for Engng. Design, Vol. 42(2), pp. 69-77.
- Chen, J.K, Huang, Z.P. and Yuan, M.A, 2008, "Constitutive Theory of Particulate-Reinforced Viscoelastic Materials with Partially Debonded Microvoids," Computational Material Science, vol. 41, pp. 334-343.
- Chen, J.K, Huang, Z.P and Zhu, J., 2007, "Size Effect of Particles on the Damage Dissipation in Nanocomposites.," Composite Science and Technology, Vol. 67, pp. 2990-2996.
- Dieter, G.E., 1988, " Mechanical Metallurgy," London: McGraw-Hill.
- Fukui. Y., Yamanaka, N. and Wakashima, K., 1993, "The Stresses and Strains in a Thick-Walled Tube for Functionally Graded Material under Uniform Thermal Loading," JSME , Vol. 36A(2), pp. 156-162.
- Fukui, Y. and Yamanaka, N., 1992, "Elastic Analysis for Thick-Walled Tubes of Functionally Graded Material Subjected to Internal Pressure," JSME Int. J. Series I, Vol. 35(4), pp. 379-385.
- Gonzalez-Doncel, G. and Sherby, O.D., 1993, "High Temperature Creep behavior of Metal Matrix Aluminium-SiC Composites," Acta Metall Mater, Vol. 4(10), pp. 2797-2805.
- Gupta, VK., Singh, S.B., Chandrawat, H.N. and Ray, S., 2004, "Creep behavior of a Rotating Functionally Graded Composite Disc Operating under Thermal Gradients," Metall Mater Trans, Vol. 35A(4), pp. 1381-1391.
- Gupta, V.K., Singh, S.B., Chandrawat, H.N. and Ray, S., 2005, "Modeling of Creep behavior of a Rotating Disc in presence of both Composition and Thermal Gradients," ASME J Engng Mater Technol, Vol. 127(1), pp. 97-105.
- Gupta, S.K. and Pathak, S., 2001, "Thermo Creep Transition in a Thick Walled Circular Cylinder under Internal Pressure," Indian J Pure Appl Math, Vol. 32(2), pp. 237-253.
- Hagihara, S. and Miyazaki, N., 2008, "Finite Element Analysis for Creep Failure of Coolant Pipe in Light Water Reactor due to Local Heating under Severe Accident Condition," Nuclear Engng Design, Vol. 238(1), pp. 33-40.
- Han, B.Q. and Langdon, T.G., 2002, "Factors Contributing to Creep Strengthening in Discontinuously- Reinforced Materials," Mater Sci Engng, Vol. A322(1), pp. 73-78.
- Johnson, A.E., Henderson, J. and Khan, B., 1961, "Behavior of Metallic Thick-Walled Cylindrical
- Vessels or Tubes Subjected to High Internal or External Pressures at Elevated Temperatures," Proc Instn Mech Engrs, Vol. 175(25), pp. 1043-1069.
- King, R.H and Mackie W.W., 1967, "Creep of Thick- Walled Cylinders," ASME J Basic Engng, Vol. 89(4), pp. 877-884.
- Lagneborg, R. and Bergman, B., 1976, "The Stress/Creep behavior of Precipitation-Hardened Alloys," Metal Sci Vol. 10(1), pp. 20-28.
- Li, Y. and Langdon, T.G., 1998, "A Comparison of the Creep Properties of an Al-6092 Composite and the Unreinforced Matrix Alloy," Metall Mater Trans, Vol. 29A(10), pp. 2523-2531.
- Li, Y. and Langdon, T.G., 1999, "An Examination of a Substructure-Invariant Model for the Creep of Metal Matrix Composites," Mater Sci Engng, Vol. A265(1), pp. 276-284.
- Li, Y. and Langdon, T.G., 1997, "Creep Behavior of an Al- 6061 Metal Matrix Composite Reinforced with Alumina Particulates," Acta Mater, Vol. 45(11), pp. 4797-4806.
- Li, Y. and Langdon, T.G., 1999, "Fundamental Aspects of Creep in Metal Matrix Composites," Metall Mater Trans, Vol. 30A(2), pp. 315-324.
- Li, Y. and Mohamed, F.A., 1997, "An Investigation of Creep Behavior in an SiC-2124 Al Composite," Acta Mater, 1997;45(11):4775-4785.
- Ma, Z.Y. and Tjong, S.C., 2001, "Creep Deformation Characteristics of Discontinuously Reinforced Aluminium-Matrix Composites," Composites Sci Technol, Vol. 61(5), pp. 771-786.
- Mishra, R.S. and Pandey, A.B., 1990, "Some Observations on the High-Temperature Creep Behavior of 6061 Al- SiC Composites," Metall Trans, Vol. 21A(7), pp. 2089-2090.
- Mohamed, F.A., Park, K.T. and Lavernia, E.J., 1992, "Creep Behavior of Discontinuous SiC-Al Composites," Mater Sci Engng , vol. A150(1), pp.21-35.

#### References

Abrinia, K., Naee, H., Sadeghi, F. and Djavanroodi, F., 2008, "New Analysis for the FGM Thick Cylinders under Combined Pressure and Temperature Loading," American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 5(7), pp. 852-859.

Arya, V.K., Bhatnagar, N.S., 1976 "Creep of Thick Walled Orthotropic Cylinders Subjected to Combined Internal and External Pressures," J Mech Engng Sci, Vol. 18(1), pp. 1-5.

Becht IV, C. and Chen, Y., 2000, "Span Limits for Elevated Temperature Piping," ASME J Pressure Vessel Technol, Vol. 122(2), pp. 121-124.

Bhatnagar, N.S. and Arya, V.K., 1974, "Large Strain Creep Analysis of Thick Walled Cylinder," Int J Non Linear Mechanics, Vol. 9(2), pp. 127-140.

Bhatnagar, N.S. and Gupta, S.K., 1969, " Analysis of Thick-Walled Orthotropic Cylinder in the Theory of Creep," J Physical Soc Japan Vol. 27(6), pp. 1655- 1662.

Bhatnagar, N.S., Arya, V.K. and Debnath, K.K., 1980 "Creep Analysis of Orthotropic Rotating Cylinder," ASME J Pressure Vessel Technol, Vol. 102, pp. 371- 377.

Buttlar, W.G, Wagoner, M, You Z. and Brovold, S.T., 2004, "Simplifying the Hollow Cylinders Tensile Test Procedure through Volume-based Strain," J. of Association of Asphalt Paving Technologies (AAPT), Vol. 73, pp 367-400.

Cadek, J., Oikawa, H. and Sustek, V., 1995, "Threshold Creep Behavior of Discontinuous Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Matrix Composites: An Overview," Mater Sci Engng, Vol. A190(1), pp. 9-23.

Cadek, J., Pahutova, M. and Sustek, V., 1998, "Creep Behavior of a 2124 Al Alloy Reinforced by 20 vol% Silicon Carbide Particulate," Mater Sci Engng, Vol. A246(1), pp. 252-264.

Chen, J.J., Tu., S.T., Xuan, F.Z. and Wang, Z.D., 2007, "Creep Analysis for a Functionally Graded Cylinder Subjected to Internal and External Pressure," The journal of strain analysis for Engng. Design, Vol. 42(2), pp. 69-77.

Chen, J.K, Huang, Z.P. and Yuan, M.A, 2008, "Constitutive Theory of Particulate-Reinforced Viscoelastic Materials with Partially Debonded Microvoids," Computational Material Science, vol. 41, pp. 334-343.

Chen, J.K, Huang, Z.P and Zhu, J., 2007, "Size Effect of Particles on the Damage Dissipation in Nanocomposites.," Composite Science and Technology, Vol. 67, pp. 2990-2996.

Dieter, G.E., 1988, " Mechanical Metallurgy," London: McGraw-Hill.

Fukui. Y., Yamanaka, N. and Wakashima, K., 1993, "The Stresses and Strains in a Thick-Walled Tube for Functionally Graded Material under Uniform Thermal Loading," JSME , Vol. 36A(2), pp. 156-162.

Fukui, Y. and Yamanaka, N., 1992, "Elastic Analysis for Thick-Walled Tubes of Functionally Graded Material Subjected to Internal Pressure," JSME Int. J. Series I, Vol. 35(4), pp. 379-385.

Gonzalez-Doncel, G. and Sherby, O.D., 1993, "High Temperature Creep behavior of Metal Matrix Aluminium-SiC Composites," Acta Metall Mater, Vol. 4(10), pp. 2797-2805.

Gupta, VK., Singh, S.B., Chandrawat, H.N. and Ray, S., 2004, "Creep behavior of a Rotating Functionally Graded Composite Disc Operating under Thermal Gradients," Metall Mater Trans, Vol. 35A(4), pp. 1381-1391.

Gupta, V.K., Singh, S.B., Chandrawat, H.N. and Ray, S., 2005, "Modeling of Creep behavior of a Rotating Disc in presence of both Composition and Thermal Gradients," ASME J Engng Mater Technol, Vol. 127(1), pp. 97-105.

Gupta, S.K. and Pathak, S., 2001, "Thermo Creep Transition in a Thick Walled Circular Cylinder under Internal Pressure," Indian J Pure Appl Math, Vol. 32(2), pp. 237-253.

Hagihara, S. and Miyazaki, N., 2008, "Finite Element Analysis for Creep Failure of Coolant Pipe in Light Water Reactor due to Local Heating under Severe Accident Condition," Nuclear Engng Design, Vol. 238(1), pp. 33-40.

Han, B.Q. and Langdon, T.G., 2002, "Factors Contributing to Creep Strengthening in Discontinuously- Reinforced Materials," Mater Sci Engng, Vol. A322(1), pp. 73-78.

Johnson, A.E., Henderson, J. and Khan, B., 1961, "Behavior of Metallic Thick-Walled Cylindrical

Vessels or Tubes Subjected to High Internal or External Pressures at Elevated Temperatures," Proc Instn Mech Engrs, Vol. 175(25), pp. 1043-1069.

King, R.H and Mackie W.W., 1967, "Creep of Thick- Walled Cylinders," ASME J Basic Engng, Vol. 89(4), pp. 877-884.

Lagneborg, R. and Bergman, B., 1976, "The Stress/Creep behavior of Precipitation-Hardened Alloys," Metal Sci Vol. 10(1), pp. 20-28.

Li, Y. and Langdon, T.G., 1998, "A Comparison of the Creep Properties of an Al-6092 Composite and the Unreinforced Matrix Alloy," Metall Mater Trans, Vol. 29A(10), pp. 2523-2531.

Li, Y. and Langdon, T.G., 1999, "An Examination of a Substructure-Invariant Model for the Creep of Metal Matrix Composites," Mater Sci Engng, Vol. A265(1), pp. 276-284.

Li, Y. and Langdon, T.G., 1997, "Creep Behavior of an Al- 6061 Metal Matrix Composite Reinforced with Alumina Particulates," Acta Mater, Vol. 45(11), pp. 4797-4806.

Li, Y. and Langdon, T.G., 1999, "Fundamental Aspects of Creep in Metal Matrix Composites," Metall Mater Trans, Vol. 30A(2), pp. 315-324.

Li, Y. and Mohamed, F.A., 1997, "An Investigation of Creep Behavior in an SiC-2124 Al Composite," Acta Mater, 1997;45(11):4775-4785.

Ma, Z.Y. and Tjong, S.C., 2001, "Creep Deformation Characteristics of Discontinuously Reinforced Aluminium-Matrix Composites," Composites Sci Technol, Vol. 61(5), pp. 771-786.

Mishra, R.S. and Pandey, A.B., 1990, "Some Observations on the High-Temperature Creep Behavior of 6061 Al- SiC Composites," Metall Trans, Vol. 21A(7), pp. 2089-2090.

Mohamed, F.A., Park, K.T. and Lavernia, E.J., 1992, "Creep Behavior of Discontinuous SiC-Al Composites," Mater Sci Engng , vol. A150(1), pp.21-35.