Effect of Cd on Microstructure and Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of (Al-12%Si) Alloy

Muna K. Abbass

Abstract


 The aim of the present research is to study the effect of cadmium addition on microstructure and wear behavior of the alloy (Al-12%Si) under dry sliding conditions. Wear behavior was studied by using the Pin-On- Disc technique under different conditions at applied loads 5-20 N, at constant sliding speed and in constant time. The steel disc hardness was 35HRc. All alloys were prepared with different percentages of cadmium (1.0, 2.0, 3.0) wt%. Also the base alloy was prepared by melting and pouring the molten metal in a metallic mold. It was found that the cadmium addition to Al-Si matrix decreases the wear rate and improves the wear properties for alloys containing -Cd under loads above 10N. It was also found that the alloy Al-12%Si containing 3%Cd is the best alloy in wear resistance and friction coefficient. This is due to presence of the Cd-phase as cuboids or hard particles distributed in a eutectic matrix which reduces the friction coefficient at high loads (20N).

 


Keywords


Wear resistance, Al-Si alloy, Cadmium, Friction coefficient

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/tjer.vol7iss1pp1-10

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