Main Article Content


 Complexity in industrial organizations became more difficult and complex to be solved and it needs more attention from academicians and technicians. For these reasons, complexity in industrial organizations represents a new challenge in the next decades. Until now, analysis of industrial organizations complexity is still remaining a research topic of immense international interest and they require reduction in their complexity. In this paper, analysis of complexity in industrial organizations is shown based on the perspective of systems engineering analyst. In this perspective, analysis of complexity was divided into different levels and these levels were defined as complexity levels. A framework of analyzing these levels was proposed and suggested based on the complexity in industrial organizations. This analysis was divided into four main issues: industrial system vision, industrial system structure, industrial system operating, and industrial system evaluating. This analysis shows that the complexity of industrial organizations is still an ill-structured and a multi-dimensional problem.



Complexity Industrial organization Systems engineering

Article Details

How to Cite
Garbie, I. H., & Shikdar, A. A. (2011). Complexity Analysis of Industrial Organizations Based on a Perspective of Systems Engineering Analysts. The Journal of Engineering Research [TJER], 8(2), 1–9.


  1. Abdi MR (2006), Performance evaluation of reconfigurable manufacturing. The Proceedings of the 36th CIE Conference on Computer and Industrial Engineering, Taipei, Taiwan 2479-2491.
  2. Arteta BM, Giachetti RE (2004), A measure of agility as the complexity of the enterprise system. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing 20:495-503.
  3. Bazarth CC, Warsing DP, Flynm BB, Flynn EJ (2009), The impact of supply chain complexity on manufacturing plant performance J. of Operations Management 27:78-93.
  4. Cho S, Alamoudi R, Asfour S (2009), Interactionbased complexity measures of manufacturing systems using information entropy. Int. J. of Computer Integrated Manufacturing 22(10): 909- 922.
  5. ElMaraghy WH, Urbanic RJ (2003), Modeling of manufacturing systems complexity. Annals of the CIRP 53(1):363-366
  6. ElMaraghy WH, Urbanic RJ (2004), Assessment of manufacturing complexity. Annals of the CIRP, 53(1):401-406.
  7. ElMaraghy HA, Kuzgunkaga O, Urbanic RJ (2005), Manufacturing systems configuration complexity. Annals of the CIRP 54:445-448.
  8. Garbie IH, Shikdar A (2009), Determination of complexity levels in industrial firms. Proceedings of the Int. Conference of Industrial Engineering Research (IERC), Miami, Florida, USA, May 30- June 3:1423-1428.
  9. Garbie IH (2009), A vision for reconfiguring industrial organization due to the global recession. Proceedings of the 39th of Int. Conference on Computers and Industrial Engineering, France, 658-663, July 6-8, 2009.
  10. Garbie IH, Shikdar A (2010), Complexity level in industrial firms: Case studies and implementation. Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management (IEOM 2010), Dhaka, Bangladesh, January 9-10, 2010.
  11. Garbie IH (2010), A roadmap for reconfiguring industrial enterprises as a consequence of global economic crisis (GEC). J. of Service Science and Management 3(4):419-428.
  12. Garbie IH, Shikdar A (2011), Analysis and estimation of complexity level in industrial firms. Int. J. of Industrial and Systems Engineering 8(3):1-23.
  13. Giabchetti RE, Martinez LD, Saenz OA, Chen CS (2003), Analysis of the structural measures of flexibility and agility using a measurement theoretical ramework. Int. J. of Production Economics 86: 47-62.
  14. Hu SJ, Zhu X, Koren WY (2008), Product variety and manufacturing complexity in assembly systems and supply chains. Annals of the CIRP 57: 45-48.
  15. Huatuco LH, Efstathiou J, Calinescu A, Sivadasan S, Kariuki S (2009), Comparing the impact of different rescheduling strategies on the entropic-related complexity of manufacturing systems. Int. J. of Production Research 47(1):4305-4325.
  16. Kamrani AK, Adat A (2008), Manufacturing complexity analysis: A simulation-based methodology-collaboration engineering. Theory and Practice edited by Karmrani AK Springer, 227-248.
  17. Kashyap N, Sinha S (2011), Estimation of job complexity in an industrial organization. Int. J. of Industrial and Systems Engineering Vol. 7(1):26- 44.
  18. Kuzgunkaya O, ElMaraghy HA (2006), Assessing the structural complexity of manufacturing systems configurations. Int. J. of Flexible Manufacturing Systems 18:145-171.
  19. Mazur LM, Chen SJ (2011), A task-member assignment model for complex engineering. Int. J. of Industrial and Systems Engineering 7(1):1-25.
  20. Perona M, Miragliotta G (2004), Complexity management and supply chain performance assessment. Int. J. of Production Economics 90:03-115.
  21. Tomiyama T, Amelio VD, Urbanic J, ElMaraghy HW
  22. (2007), Complexity of multi-disciplinary design. Annals of the CIRP 56(1):85-188.
  23. Wu Y, Frizelle G, Efstathiou J (2007), A study on the cost of operational complexity in customer-supplier systems. Int. J. of Production Economics 106:217-229.
  24. Yang J (2010), A new complexity proof for the twostage hybrid flow shop scheduling problem with dedicated machines. Int. J. of Production Research 48(5):531-1538.