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Genitourinary tuberculosis usually occurs in young adults and the middle-aged and is very uncommon in the paediatric population. It generally presents with haematuria, pyuria, irritative voiding symptoms and flank pain; presentation as a renal mass is highly unusual. We report a two-year-old girl who was referred to the Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, India, in June 2014 with abdominal pain. Subsequent radiological investigations revealed a left renal hypoechoic mass lesion. A left nephroureterectomy was performed on suspicion of a Wilms’ tumour. Histopathology indicated an epithelioid granuloma with lymphocytic infiltration, suggestive of a tubercular aetiology. A Mantoux tuberculin skin test was positive; however, there was no evidence of tuberculosis detected elsewhere in the body and the source of the infection could not be identified. A diagnosis of renal tuberculosis was made and the child was treated with antitubercular drugs. The patient was asymptomatic at a six-month follow-up.


Renal Tuberculosis Urogenital Tuberculosis Abdominal Pain Granuloma Case Report India.

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How to Cite
Santra, A., Mandi, F., & Bandyopadhyay, A. (2020). Renal Tuberculosis Presenting as a Mass Lesion in a Two-year-old Girl : Report of a rare case. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, 16(1), 105–108.