Design, Implementation and Testing of a Novel Prototype Orthotic Knee Joint with Two Degrees of Freedom in a Patient with Medial Knee Osteoarthritis

Siamak Aghajani-Fesharaki, Farzam Farahmand, Hassan Saeedi, Ehsan Abdollahy

Abstract


Knee braces are a conservative treatment option for patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). However, no commercially available orthotic knee joint currently reflects natural knee movements. A prototype orthotic knee joint with two degrees of freedom (DOF) in the sagittal and transverse planes was developed to more closely simulate the natural motion of the knee joint. The prototype was tested on a male subject with medial KOA during a sit-to-stand task. The efficacy of the transverse plane DOF was assessed by comparing the limb-orthosis interaction force when the transverse plane was locked to mimic a one-DOF setting versus when it was unlocked. Unlocking the transverse plane eliminated the 45-Newton shearing force produced with the one-DOF setting at wide angles of flexion. The two-DOF orthotic knee joint prototype demonstrated greater conformity to natural knee movements, allowing the wearer to better tolerate bracing-related difficulties. 

Keywords: Knee Joint; Knee Osteoarthritis; Orthotic Devices; Braces; Rotation; Movement; Materials Testing.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2018.18.04.016

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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