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Objectives: This study aimed to assess the variation in the levels of the neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet indices in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) patients and its association with GOLD stages. COPD is heterogeneous in nature. AECOPD is diagnosed clinically, which is subjective, and clinical judgement may vary from clinician to clinician. Since chronic inflammation underlies the pathogenesis of COPD, markers of inflammation have generated considerable interest in their potential to be used as biomarkers of COPD. Methods: This prospective analytical study was carried out at the Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India, from December 2018 to July 2020. A total of 64 subjects (32 stable COPD, 32 AECOPD) who satisfied the study criteria were included. Blood samples were taken from stable and AECOPD patients and were compared. Results: It was observed that the NLR, the platelet distribution width, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and the C-reactive protein (CRP) increased in AECOPD patients compared to stable COPD patients (P <0.001). A positive correlation was observed between the neutrophil lymphocyte ratio, the platelet distribution width, the ESR and the CRP (P <0.001). Conclusion: The NLR and platelet distribution width values increased significantly in AECOPD patients compared to stable COPD patients.
Keywords: Biomarkers; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Acute Exacerbation; India.
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