The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy and Music Therapy onReducing Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms among a Sample of Refugee Children

Jalal K. Damrah


The aim of this study was to explore the efficacy of a Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy (CBT) and Music Therapy (MT) on reducing Posttraumatic Stress (PTS) symptoms among a sample of refugee children. The sample consisted of 48 Syrian refugee children 10 to 12 years of age. They were distributed into 4 different groups (MT group, CBT group, MT/CBT group and control group). The children PTS Inventory was used to assess the children's PTS symptoms which contains 30 items, located into 4 different dimensions (re-experiencing the traumatic event, avoidance, hyper arousal and other psychological symptoms). The findings revealed that the MT/CBT group was more effective in reducing the PTS symptoms than the other treatment groups and control group. CBT and MT treatments were found effective in reducing the re-experience, avoidance and other psychological symptoms compared with the control group. In addition the results indicated that implementing MT alone was not effective to reduce the hyper arousal symptoms.



Refugee children, cognitive behavioral therapy, music therapy, post-traumatic stress.

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