Ranolazine: A true pluripotent cardiovascular drug or jack of all trades, master of none?

Alice Mezincescu, V. J. Karthikeyan, Sunil K. Nadar

Abstract


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although the majority of patients with CVD are treated with interventional procedures, a substantial number require medical therapy in terms of both prognosis and symptomatic relief. However, commonly used agents such as β-blockers and calcium channel blockers reduce blood pressure in patients whose resting pressures are often already low. Ranolazine is a promising agent that does not have significant effects on blood pressure or heart rate. Use of this drug has been documented in various cardiovascular conditions, including ischaemic heart disease, heart failure and arrhythmias. This review article aimed to examine current evidence on the use of ranolazine in various cardiovascular conditions in order to determine whether it is a true pluripotent cardiovascular agent or, on the other hand, a “jack of all trades, master of none.”

Keywords


Drug Therapy; Cardiovascular Agents; Ranolazine; Cardiovascular Diseases; Ischemic Heart Disease.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2018.18.01.003

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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