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Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) refers to the use of techniques to deliver artificial respiration to the lungs without the need for endotracheal intubation. As NIV has proven beneficial in comparison to invasive mechanical ventilation, it has become the optimal modality for initial respiratory support among children in respiratory distress. High-flow nasal cannulae (HFNC) therapy is a relatively new NIV modality and is used for similar indications. This review discusses the usefulness and applications of conventional NIV in comparison to HFNC.

Keywords: Noninvasive Ventilation; Nasal Cannulae; Endotracheal Intubation; Mechanical Ventilation; Children.

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How to Cite
Al-Mukhaini, K. S., & Al-Rahbi, N. M. (2018). Noninvasive Ventilation and High-Flow Nasal Cannulae Therapy for Children with Acute Respiratory Failure: An overview. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, 18(3), e278–285.