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Objectives: This study aims to adapt the Physical Activity Neighborhoods Environment Scale (PANES), a 17-item tool to assess environmental factors relevant for walking and bicycling in the community, to the Omani context. Methods: The adaptation process was conducted in 3 steps: (1) revision by local experts, (2) Arabic translation and cognitive testing, and (3) test-re-test reliability testing with a sample of Omani women and men. Results: Four of the 17 items of the PANES were modified, and one was removed resulting in a 16-item PANES, Oman (PANES-O) questionnaire. The test-retest reliability scores ranged from 0.436 to 1.000; scores for more than half were almost perfect (0.8 – 1.0), demonstrating a good level of consistency and good psychometric performance similar to other studies. Conclusion: The PANES-O demonstrated good test-retest reliability and appears promising for assessing environmental perceptions related to physical activity in Oman. Confirming construct validity is recommended before wider use.
Keywords: Physical activity, Built environment, Oman.
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