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Abstract

Mucormycosis is a very rare fungal infection in children. It is caused by opportunistic fungi, and mainly affects immunocompromised patients. Early diagnosis is very important for a good outcome. Successful management requires the reversal of the underlying predisposing risk factors, surgical debridement and prompt administration of active antifungal agents, with liposomal amphotericin B being the first line therapy. This case, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, is the first rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis to be reported on among Omani children. We highlight the importance of early diagnosis and prompt surgical and medical interventions in achieving a satisfactory outcome and we review the published literature in regard to the management.


Keywords: Mucormycosis; Sinusitis; Proptosis; Liposomal amphotericin B; Rhizopus; Posaconazole; Malnutrition.

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How to Cite
Al Reesi, M., Al Muqbali, T., Al Ajmi, A., & Menon, V. (2022). Successful Management of Rhino-Orbital-Cerebral Mucormycosis in a Child with Acute-on-Chronic Kidney Disease and Malnutrition: Case report and literature review. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.18295/squmj.3.2022.025