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Mucormycosis is a very rare fungal infection in children. It is caused by opportunistic fungi, and mainly affects immunocompromised patients. Early diagnosis is very important for a good outcome. Successful management requires the reversal of the underlying predisposing risk factors, surgical debridement and prompt administration of active antifungal agents, with liposomal amphotericin B being the first line therapy. This case, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, is the first rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis to be reported on among Omani children. We highlight the importance of early diagnosis and prompt surgical and medical interventions in achieving a satisfactory outcome and we review the published literature in regard to the management.
Keywords: Mucormycosis; Sinusitis; Proptosis; Liposomal amphotericin B; Rhizopus; Posaconazole; Malnutrition.
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