Following the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), SQUMJ defines scientific misconduct as:

- Falsifying data: inventing data, selective reporting, or omission, suppression or distortion of data.

- Authorship issues: exclusion of involved researchers, or inclusion of researchers who have not contributed to the work, or publication without permission from all authors.

- Disregard for generally accepted research practice: including manipulating experiments/statistics to get biased results, or improper reporting of results.

- Failure to follow legal requirements: violating local regulations and laws involving the use of funds, copyright, care of animals, human subjects, investigational drugs, recombinant products, new devices, or radioactive, biological, or chemical materials.

- Inappropriate behaviour in cases of misconduct: including false accusations of misconduct; failure to report misconduct; not providing information relevant to a misconduct claim, and retaliation against people claiming or investigating misconduct.

- Plagiarism: using the published or unpublished language, ideas, or thoughts of another writer without reference or permission, and presenting them as one’s own. (more about our plagiarism policy HERE)

SQUMJ takes all these forms of misconduct extremely seriously. It follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) & International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines. The final decision on the action is taken by the Editor-in-Chief.

For any complaints please contact the SQUMJ Editorial Team at

For more information about ethical misconduct please refer to the following articles:

- Oman Med J, . 2013 Nov;28(6):379-81. VIEW ARTICLE

- Oman Med J. 2016 Jan;31(1):5-11. VIEW ARTICLE