Following the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), SQUMJ defines scientific misconduct (Oman Med J. 2016 Jan;31(1):5-11. doi: 10.5001/omj.2016.02;  Oman Med J, . 2013 Nov;28(6):379-81. doi: 10.5001/omj.2013.112)

Ethics in Scientific Publication: Plagiarism and other Scientific Misconduct) as:

- Falsifying data: inventing data, selective reporting, or omission, suppression or distortion of data.

- Authorship issues: exclusion of involved researchers, or inclusion of researchers who have not contributed to the work, or publication without permission from all authors.

- Disregard for generally accepted research practice: including manipulating experiments/statistics to get biased results, or improper reporting of results.

- Failure to follow legal requirements: violating local regulations and laws involving the use of funds, copyright, care of animals, human subjects, investigational drugs, recombinant products, new devices, or radioactive, biological, or chemical materials.

- Inappropriate behaviour in cases of misconduct: including false accusations of misconduct; failure to report misconduct; not providing information relevant to a misconduct claim, and retaliation against people claiming or investigating misconduct.

SQUMJ takes all these forms of misconduct extremely seriously. It follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) & International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines. The final decision on the action is taken by the Editor-in-Chief.