Contact Lens Induced Corneal Ulcer Management in a Tertiary Eye Unit in Oman - A descriptive study

Rikin Shah, Manali Shah, Rajiv Khandekar, Abdulatif Al-Raisi

Abstract


Objectives: The corneal disease is a priority problem in Oman. We present patients with contact lens (CL) induced severe keratitis, admitted in the corneal unit of Al Nahdha Hospital in Oman. Methods: The study was conducted in 2005-2006. Ophthalmologists examined the eyes using slit lamp bio-microscope. Visual acuity was noted using Snellen’s distance vision chart. Specimens of corneal scraping and CLs were sent for culture and sensitivity tests. Patients with severe keratitis were admitted and treated with medicines. Corneal and visual statuses were noted at the time of discharge from hospital and after six weeks. Numbers, percentages and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Pre- and post-treatment vision were compared using a scattergram. Results: The 52 eyes of 15 males and 37 female patients with corneal ulcers were examined. Thirty-two patients were between 20 to 30 years of age. Only 13 (25%) patients had visited an ophthalmologist within 24 hours of developing severe keratitis. Seventeen (33%) had central ulcers and six (11.5%) had ulcer ≥5 mm in size. Pseudomonas was found in 29 (55.8%) of CL and corneal material scraped from the eyes of 15 (28.8%) patients. Vision was <6/60 (legally blind) in 12 (23.1%) eyes before and in five (9.6%) eyes after treatment. Twenty-six (50%) patients were lost to follow up. Conclusion: CL related severe keratitis causes visual disabilities. Prevention and proper records are essential. Treatment improves vision and hence facilities for management should be strengthened.



Keywords


Contact lens; Corneal blindness, Keratitis; Prevention of blindness; Refractive error.

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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, PO Box 35, Postal Code 123, Al-Khod, Muscat, Oman

ISSN (Print edition): 2075-051X ISSN (Internet edition): 2075-0528

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